Fuller, R.M. et al

Land Cover Map 2000 (1km percentage target class, GB)

This dataset consists of a 1km resolution raster version of the Land Cover Map 2000 for Great Britain. The raster consists of 27 bands. Within each band, each 1km pixel represents a percentage cover value for one of 27 target (or 'sub') classes, broadly representing Broad Habitats (see below). The dataset is part of a series of data products produced by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology known as LCM2000. LCM2000 is a parcel-based thematic classification of satellite image data covering the entire United Kingdom. The map updates and upgrades the Land Cover Map of Great Britain (LCMGB). Like the earlier 1990 products, LCM2000 is derived from a computer classification of satellite scenes obtained mainly from Landsat, IRS and SPOT sensors and also incorporates information derived from other ancillary datasets. LCM2000 was classified using a nomenclature corresponding to the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) Broad Habitats, which encompasses the entire range of UK habitats. In addition, it recorded further detail where possible. The series of LCM2000 products includes vector and raster formats, with a number of different versions containing varying levels of detail and at different spatial resolutions. Note that the Band numberings in the dataset run from 1-27 rather than 0-26 and therefore each band relates to the one below it in the subclass code list (i.e. 1 = Unclassified, labelled as 0 in the list).

Publication date: 2002-01-01

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Supporting documentation

This dataset is available as

  • ESRI ASCII grid
  • ESRI .hdr RAW raster
  • TIFF

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You must cite: Fuller, R.M.; Smith, G.M.; Sanderson J.M. ; Hill, R.A.; Thomson, A.G.; Cox, R.; Brown, N.J.; Clarke, R.T.; Rothery, P.; Gerard, F.F. (2002). Land Cover Map 2000 (1km percentage target class, GB). NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/d5ee5360-12c5-448c-9d2b-f5c941fe3948


This dataset is part of the following


Study area
Temporal extent
2000-01-01    to    2000-12-31

Supplemental information

Other useful information regarding this dataset:

Fuller, R.M., Smith, G.M., Sanderson, J.M., Hill, R.A., & Thomson, A.G. (2002). The UK Land Cover Map 2000: construction of a parcel-based vector map from satellite images. Cartographic Journal, 39. 15-25.


In a major development of the 1990 methods, LCM2000 used image segmentation to identify land parcels in the pixel-based images. An automated procedure grouped the image pixels into spectrally 'uniform' segments. These were built around 'seedpoints' selected to avoid parcel boundaries. The segmentation recorded a field-by-field pattern, also separating land use zones within urban and suburban areas, and subdividing mosaics of semi-natural vegetation. Generalisation gave minimum mappable units of a half hectare. A 'vector' version was then created in the geographical information system (GIS), where the boundaries between the pixel-based segments were represented by digital linework. The resultant land parcels were treated as GIS objects to which attribute data could then be attached covering such topics as land cover class, parcel area, length of boundary, processing history, knowledge-based correction and identification of the original satellite scene. The raster products have been derived from the vector dataset. LCM20o0 was produced at CEH Monks Wood. For further information on the methodology developed and used to create Land Cover Map 2000, see online supporting documentation.


Fuller, R.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Smith, G.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Sanderson J.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Hill, R.A.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Thomson, A.G.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Cox, R.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Brown, N.J.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Clarke, R.T.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Rothery, P.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Gerard, F.F.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

Point Of Contact
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg
United Kingdom
Natural Environment Research Council
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
Environmental Information Data Centre
Environmental Information Data Centre


Spatial representation type
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid


Topic categories
Imagery / Base Maps / Earth Cover
Other keywords
Other keywords
Natural Capital
Parr Section
Other keywords
Geospatial / Map
Land Cover
Place keywords
Great Britain
Theme keywords
Land cover

Dataset identifiers



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