Coping with El Niño in Tanzania: Differentiated local impacts and household-level responses

The data were collected during household surveys designed to investigate the strategies adopted by households to cope with environmental shocks linked to the 2015-2016 El Nino event in Tanzania, and the role played by Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) - community-based natural resource management - in enabling or constraining these responses. The surveys referred to the period from 2014 to 2016 and were carried out with both heads of households and the wives of heads of household. Those carried out with household heads included sections on: basic household demographics; overall trends in wellbeing; experience of severe livelihood shocks; ownership and use of land and livestock; collection of bushmeat; changes in access to natural resources; composition of environmental income and livelihood portfolios; strategies for coping with environmental shocks; direct income and benefits from WMAs where they are present; conflict; and human casualties linked to wildlife. Those carried out with wives included sections on: basic household demographics; overall trends in wellbeing; use of produce from livestock, farms and gardens; income generating activities and remittances; food security; strategies for coping with environmental shocks; participation in WMAs where they are present; access to natural resources; conflict and safety; receipts of external aid and scholarships; and ability to perform ceremonies.

Publication date: 2020-10-28

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Study area
Temporal extent
2014-01-01    to    2016-12-31

Provenance & quality

See metadata within ReShare record for details.

Correspondence/contact details

Dr. Aidan Keane
University of Edinburgh


Keane, A.
University of Edinburgh
McNicol, I.
University of Edinburgh
Noe, C.
University of Dar Es Salaam
Ryan, C.
University of Edinburgh
Homewood, K.
University College London

Other contacts

UK Data Service ReShare
UK Data Service ReShare

Additional metadata

Topic categories
Environment , Farming
Assets,  Environment,  Environmental survey Income,  Livestock,  Rural economics,  Wildlife
Last updated
28 October 2020 16:00