Fuller, R.M.; Groom, G.B.; Jones, A.R.; Thomson, A.G.

Land Cover Map 1990 (1km percentage target class, GB)

The Land Cover Map of Great Britain 1990 (1km percentage target class, GB), is a raster digital dataset, providing a classification of land cover types into 25 classes, at a 1km resolution. The dataset consists of a set of 1km bands, each containing one of 25 target classes (or 'sub' classes). Each band of the dataset contains the percentage of the specified habitat class per 1km, derived from a higher resolution (25m) dataset. The map was produced using supervised maximum likelihood classifications of Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper satellite data. The 25 mapped classes include sea and inland waters, bare, suburban and urban areas, arable farmland, pastures and meadows, rough grass, grass heaths and moors, bracken, dwarf shrub heaths and moorland, scrub, deciduous and evergreen woodland, and upland and lowland bogs. It can potentially be used to plan, manage or monitor agriculture, ecology, conservation, forestry, environmental assessment, water supplies, urban spread, transport, telecommunications, recreation and mineral extraction. The map was produced in the early 1990s by a forerunner of the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, at Monks Wood. Note: The bands in the dataset run from 1-26, not 0-25 as stated in the documentation. Hence '1' is unclassifed (not '0'), '2' is sea/estuary and so on.

Publication date: 1993-01-01

Get the data

Licence terms and conditions apply

This dataset is available as

  • ESRI ASCII grid
  • ESRI .hdr RAW raster
  • TIFF

You must cite: Fuller, R.M.; Groom, G.B.; Jones, A.R.; Thomson, A.G. (1993). Land Cover Map 1990 (1km percentage target class, GB). NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/0172cc8c-8b5c-46cf-b08a-785ab832e88c


This dataset is part of the following


Study area
Temporal extent
1990-01-01    to    1990-12-31

Provenance & quality

The Land Cover Map of Great Britain (LCMGB) was produced (at the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology (ITE) Monks Wood) using supervised maximum likelihood classifications of Landsat Thematic Mapper satellite data. See online supporting information for further details.

Supplemental information

This dataset is referenced in:

Holloway, P., Miller, J.A., & Gillings, S. (2016). Incorporating movement in species distribution models: how do simulations of dispersal affect the accuracy and uncertainty of projections? International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 1–25.

Other useful information regarding this dataset:

Fuller, R. M.; Groom, G. B.; Jones, A. R.. 1994 The Land Cover Map of Great Britain: an automated classification of Landsat Thematic Mapper data. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 60 (5). 553-562.

Correspondence/contact details

Dr. Daniel Morton
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg
United Kingdom


Fuller, R.M.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Groom, G.B.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Jones, A.R.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Thomson, A.G.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology

Other contacts

Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
Natural Environment Research Council

Additional metadata

Topic categories
Imagery / Base Maps / Earth Cover
England Great Britain,  habitats,  land cover,  Land cover Scotland Wales
Land Cover
Spatial representation type
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid
Last updated