Zorrilla-Miras, P.; Matediane, J.; Mahamane, M.; Nhantumbo, I.; Varela, R.; Metzger, M.J.; Patenaude, G.

Causal diagrams linking rural well-being with forest ecosystem services in Mozambique (2014 and 2015)

Data comprise causal diagrams which show links between aspects that influence the well-being of rural inhabitants (e.g. good quality of food, good family relationships, education, etc) with ecosystem services (e.g. food from trees, wood sticks for construction, firewood, wood for charcoal production, etc.) and their causes (e.g. change in land use) in rural Mozambique.

Information was gathered at 20 workshops held in Maputo, Xai Xai, Lichinga, Quelimane, and at village level in the districts of Mabalane, Marrupa and Gurue in 2014 and 2015. The objective of the workshops was to examine aspects that influence well-being and their causes in the miombo woodland area of rural Mozambique. One of the objectives of the project was to construct Bayesian belief networks (BBNs) to model future land use change scenarios in rural Mozambique using a participatory approach, to evaluate the consequences of deforestation in the well-being of the rural population.

The data were collected as part of the Abrupt Changes in Ecosystem Services and Wellbeing in Mozambican Woodlands (ACES) project and were funded by the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) programme, funded by NERC, the Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Department for International Development (DfID), the three are government organizations from UK. The project was led by the University of Edinburgh, with the collaboration of the Universidad Mondlane, the IIED, and other organizations.

Publication date: 2018-11-06

Get the data

This dataset will be available under the terms of the Open Government Licence

Format of the dataset : Rich text format

You must cite: Zorrilla-Miras, P.; Matediane, J.; Mahamane, M.; Nhantumbo, I.; Varela, R.; Metzger, M.J.; Patenaude, G. (2018). Causal diagrams linking rural well-being with forest ecosystem services in Mozambique (2014 and 2015). NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/14622c4b-8bd4-4624-8ea6-35da7da211cd


© University of Edinburgh


Study area
Temporal extent
2014-08-01    to    2015-12-31

Supplemental information

Other useful information regarding this dataset:

Understanding Land Use, Land Cover and Woodland-Based Ecosystem Services Change, Mabalane, Mozambique. 2017 Mansour Mahamane, Pedro Zorrilla-Miras, Peter Verweij, Casey Ryan, Genevieve Patenaude, Isla Grundy, Isilda Nhantumbo, Marc Metzger, Natasha Ribeiro, Sophia Baumert, Frank Vollmer. Energy and Environment Research; Vol. 7, No. 1, doi:10.5539/eer.v7n1p1
Environmental Conservation and Social Benefits of Charcoal Production in Mozambique. 2017. Pedro Zorrilla-Miras, Mansour Mahamane, Marc J. Metzger, Sophia Baumert, Frank Vollmer, Ana Catarina Luz, Emily Woollen, Almeida A. Sitoe, Genevieve Patenaude, Isilda Nhantumbo, Casey M.Ryan, James Paterson, Maria Juliet Matediane, Natasha Sofian Ribeiro, Isla M.Grundy. Ecological Economics Volume 144, February 2018, Pages 100-111
Making the links between woodlands and wellbeing: a multi-stakeholder approach. Isilda Nhantumbo, Pedro Zorrilla Miras, Maria Julieta Matediane, Genevieve Patenaude, Marc Metzger, James Paterson, Luis Artur, Mansour Mahamane, Almeida Sitoe

Provenance & quality

The data were collected during the development of 20 workshops. Four of them were in cities, and the rest in rural villages. The first type of workshops were divided in two parts, one devoted to Bayesian belief networks (BBN) and the second to scenario construction.

The data was collected in different ways and formats: 1) one to three persons took notes during the workshops; 2) we recorded most of the discussions after obtaining the acceptance from the participants for doing so; 3) we took pictures of the materials generated, with the necessary quality to read and interpret the content.

Two persons were in charge of writing down the results from the workshops in the presented documents: one of them wrote a first version, which was then reviewed by a second person. Both persons had been present during the workshops. Both of them did a final review of the documents, and then were approved as official results from the project.

Correspondence/contact details

Pedro Zorrilla-Miras
Icatalist, S.L.


Zorrilla-Miras, P.
Icatalist, S.L.
Matediane, J.
IUCN Mozambique
Mahamane, M.
University of Diffa, Niger
Nhantumbo, I.
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
Varela, R.
Metzger, M.J.
The University of Edinburgh
Patenaude, G.
The University of Edinburgh

Other contacts

Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre


Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system


Topic categories
ACES,  ESPA programme,  miombo woodland,  Mozambique