Toberman, H. et al

Soil survey in England, Scotland and Wales carried out during 2013 and 2014 [LTLS]

Data comprise results of a soil survey in England, Scotland and Wales carried out during 2013 and 2014 as part of the NERC Macronutrient Cycles project:
LTLS : Analysing and simulating long-term and large-scale interactions of carbon nitrogen and phosphorus in UK land, freshwater and atmosphere. The data include bulk density measurements, charcoal and coal determinations, site locations and sampling dates, site vegetation data, soil chemistry and isotope data, soil classifications, information on soil cores collected and soil texture data.

Publication date: 2016-02-29

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Supporting documentation

Format of the Dataset : Comma-separated values (CSV)

Access and use conditions

This resource is made available under the terms of the Open Government Licence

You must cite: Toberman, H.; Adams, J.; Tipping, E.; Schillereff, D.; Somerville, C.; Coull, M.; Helliwell, R.; Carter, H.; Guyatt, H.; Keenan, P.; Lawlor, A.; Pereira, M.G.; Patel, M.; Tanna, B.; Thacker, S.; Thomson, N.; Owens, J.; Gibbs, S.; Smith, D.; Bryant, C.; Elliot, F.; Gulliver, P. (2016). Soil survey in England, Scotland and Wales carried out during 2013 and 2014 [LTLS]. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre.


This dataset is part of the following


Study area
Temporal extent
2013-07-01    to    2014-11-13

Supplemental information

Other useful information regarding this dataset:


Collection of soil at a given site. At each location cores were taken from within an area approximately 100 x 100 m. A central line was established and regular points at 11 metres (m) (when 10 cores taken) or 16 m (6 cores) paced out. Individual coring sites were chosen at random distances from each of the points on the line. 10 cores were taken for semi-natural habitats, 6 (or sometimes 10) cores for agricultural fields.
Coring. Vegetation was removed, and any loose litter. We used a van Walt split corer. The Ribble cores were taken by driving the full core into the soil, then dividing the core into two, to obtain the top 20 centimetre (cm) of soil then the next 20 cm. For the other locations, the core was driven in to a depth of 15 cm, then withdrawn and emptied, then returned to the hole to sample the next 25 cm of soil. In a number of cases not all the 40 cm depth could be sampled, and in some cases slightly more than a total of 40 cm was sampled.


Toberman, H.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Adams, J.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Tipping, E.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Schillereff, D.
University of Liverpool
Somerville, C.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Coull, M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Helliwell, R.
The James Hutton Institute
Carter, H.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Guyatt, H.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Keenan, P.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lawlor, A.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Pereira, M.G.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Patel, M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Tanna, B.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Thacker, S.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Thomson, N.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Owens, J.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Gibbs, S.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Smith, D.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Bryant, C.
NERC Radiocarbon Facility
Elliot, F.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Gulliver, P.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

Point Of Contact
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg
United Kingdom
Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
Environmental Information Data Centre


Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid


Topic categories
CEH Topic
Discipline keywords
bulk density
loss on ignition
soil classification
soil texture
soil chemistry
soil core
Stratum keywords

Dataset identifiers


Information maintained by
Environmental Information Data Centre
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