Mitchell, R.J. et al

Oak-associated biodiversity in the UK (OakEcol)

This dataset contains a list of all known birds, bryophytes, fungi, invertebrates, lichens and mammals that use oak (Quercus petraea and Quercus robur) in the UK. In total 2300 species are listed in the dataset. For each species we provide a level of association with oak, ranging from obligate (only found on oak) to cosmopolitan (found on a wide range of other tree species). Data on the ecology of each oak associated species is provided: part of tree used, use made of tree (feeding, roosting, breeding), age of tree, woodland type, tree form (coppice, pollarded, or natural growth form) and season when the tree was used. Data on use or otherwise by each of the 2300 species of 30 other alternative tree species (Acer campestre, Acer pseudoplatanus, Alnus glutinosa, Betula pendula, Betula pubescens, Carpinus betulus, Castanea sativa, Fagus sylvatica, Fraxinus excelsior, Ilex aquifolium, Larix spp, Malus sylvestris, Picea abies, Pinus nigra ssp. laricio, Pinus sylvestris, Populus tremula, Prunus avium, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Quercus cerris, Quercus rubra, Sorbus aria, Sorbus aucuparia, Sorbus torminalis, Taxus baccata, Thuja plicata, Tilia cordata, Tilia platyphyllos, Tilia vulgaris, Tsuga heterophylla, Ulmus glabra) was also collated. A complete list of data sources is provided.

Publication date: 2019-03-15

Get the data

This dataset is made available under the terms of the Open Government Licence

Format of the data: Comma-separated values (CSV)

You must cite: Mitchell, R.J.; Bellamy, P.E.; Ellis, C.J.; Hewison, R.L.; Hodgetts, N.G.; Iason, G.R.; Littlewood, N.A.; Newey, S.; Stockan, J.A.; Taylor, A.F.S. (2019). Oak-associated biodiversity in the UK (OakEcol). NERC Environmental Information Data Centre.


© Natural Environment Research Council

© The James Hutton Institute


Study area
Temporal extent
2016-01-01    to    2017-12-31

Provenance & quality

Existing data sources were used to collate the list of oak associated species, information on their ecology and their use of alternative tree species. The data was collated in a pre-defined standard format to enable consistency across taxa. The data sources included quality controlled databases of records of species, peer reviewed literature, published books and grey literature. A complete list of data sources used is provided together with an assessment of the quality of that data: peer reviewed or quality controlled dataset versus grey literature and whether the data was based on a UK or non-UK source.

Supplemental information

This dataset is referenced in:

Mitchell, R.J., Bellamy, P.E., Ellis, C.J., Hewison, R.L., Hodgetts, N.G., Iason, G.R., … Taylor, A.F.S. (2019). OakEcol: A database of Oak-associated biodiversity within the UK. Data in Brief, 25, 104120.

Correspondence/contact details

Mitchell, R.J.
James Hutton Institute


Mitchell, R.J.
James Hutton Institute
Bellamy, P.E.
RSPB Centre for Conservation Science
Ellis, C.J.
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
Hewison, R.L.
James Hutton Institute
Hodgetts, N.G.
Nick Hodgetts Botanical Services
Iason, G.R.
James Hutton Institute
Littlewood, N.A.
University of Cambridge
Newey, S.
James Hutton Institute
Stockan, J.A.
James Hutton Institute
Taylor, A.F.S.
James Hutton Institute

Other contacts

NERC EDS Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre

Additional metadata

Topic categories
Acer campestre Acer pseudoplatanus Alnus glutinosa Aspen,  Betula pendula Betula pubescens Biodiversity Black alder,  Carpinus betulus Castanea sativa Cedar,  Common oak,  Common whitebeam,  Crab apple,  Douglas fir,  Downy birch,  English oak,  European ash,  European beech,  European beech,  European black pine,  Fagus sylvatica Field maple,  Fraxinus excelsior Linden,  Malus sylvestris Mountain ash,  Northern red oak,  Oak,  Pedunculate oak,  Picea abies Pinus nigra ssp. laricio Pinus sylvestris Populus tremula Prunus avium Pseudotsuga menziesii Quercus cerris Quercus petraea Quercus robur Quercus rubra Rowan,  Scots pine,  Sessile oak,  Small-leaved lime,  Sorbus aria Sorbus aucuparia Sorbus torminalis Spanish chestnut,  Sweet cherry,  Sycamore,  Taxus baccata Thuja plicata Tilia cordata Tilia vulgaris Tsuga heterophylla Turkey oak,  Ulmus glabra Yew
Species Distribution
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council Award: BB/N022831/1
Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
WGS 84
Last updated
06 January 2022 18:23