The dataset contains annual global plant respiration (and related diagnostics, such as Net Primary Productivity, Gross Primary Productivity and soil respiration), applicable for pre-industrial times (taken as year 1860) through to the end of the 21st Century (year 2100). The spatial resolution of the data is 2.5 degrees latitude x 3.75 degrees longitude. These diagnostics are outputs from the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES land surface model) under 4 different approaches to calcluate leaf respiration. Each of 4 sets contains a total of 34 runs, each driven by a different CMIP5 model climate pattern, using the Integrated Model Of Global Effects of climatic aNomalies (IMOGEN) system. These are for a "business-as-usual" approach to fossil fuel usage, as the Representative Concentration Pathway scenario RCP8.5. These simulations form the basis for new research paper by Huntingford et al (2017, under review).
Publication date: 2017-07-12
The annual data are time means of the JULES fluxes, calculated every 3600 s. JULES is a Land Surface Model widely used in climate research. The JULES runs were driven by 34 different GCM climate patterns as described in the IMOGEN system. The 4 approaches for the calculation of plant respiration are:
(i) "standard" - this is using the standard version of the JULES model
(ii) "RD25" - this is with revised estimates of respiration at 25 degrees Celsius.
(iii) "RD25 plus b,c" - this is with new 25 degrees respiration values, plus a revised temperature response across temperature ranges, dependent on two empiric parameters. .
(iv) "RD25 plus b,c plus acclim" - as for (iii) above, with additional temperature acclimation effects.
See the supporting information for further detail.