Webb, J. et al

The Pantheon database: habitat related traits, conservation status and taxa associations for invertebrates in England

The Pantheon database contains habitat-related traits, feeding guilds, conservation status (including rarity and threat status), legal protection data and associations with other taxa for just over 11,700 invertebrates. The database has been developed for invertebrates within England so the data should be used with caution when applying it to invertebrates of other countries. The data have been extracted from numerous sources within the published literature and compiled and categorised by entomological experts over a number of years. The database also includes (and supersedes) species assemblage types (SATs) from the Invertebrate Species-habitat Information System (ISIS). Species names have been linked with the Taxon Version Key (TVK; unique identifier) from the UK Species Inventory, held by the Natural History Museum, where possible. Overall the database holds 154,072 records. The database was developed by Natural England and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology as part of a development of online analytical tools to benefit invertebrate conservation and site assessments.

Publication date: 2017-05-05

Get the data

This dataset is made available under the terms of the Open Government Licence

Format of the dataset : Comma-separated values (CSV)

You must cite: Webb, J.; Heaver, D.; Lott, D.; Dean, H.J.; van Breda, J.; Curson, J.; Harvey, M.C.; Gurney, M.; Roy, D.B.; van Breda, A.; Drake, M.; Alexander, K.N.A.; Foster, G. (2017). The Pantheon database: habitat related traits, conservation status and taxa associations for invertebrates in England. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/2a353d2d-c1b9-4bf7-8702-9e78910844bc


© Natural England, NERC-Centre for Ecology & Hydrology


Study area
Temporal extent
2007-03-31    to    2017-03-31

Supplemental information

Other useful information regarding this dataset:

Provenance & quality

Data were extracted from the published literature, including journal papers, books and websites. Whilst some of these sources may not have been peer reviewed they have been available for public scrutiny. The extracted data was compiled and categorised by expert entomologists, and second opinions sought where there was uncertainty in the categorisation. The trait names and hierarchy design were peer reviewed by a range of invertebrate experts. During the review, they were also able to comment on and amend species traits allocations if they considered them incorrect. Any changes were approved by the Pantheon project and steering group before implementation.

Correspondence/contact details

Jon Webb
Natural England
Unex House, Bourges Boulevard
United Kingdom
Hannah Dean
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford
OX10 8BB
United Kingdom


Webb, J.
Natural England
Heaver, D.
Natural England
Lott, D.
Natural England
Dean, H.J.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
van Breda, J.
Biodiverse IT
Curson, J.
Natural England
Harvey, M.C.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Gurney, M.
Roy, D.B.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
van Breda, A.
Drake, M.
Alexander, K.N.A.
Foster, G.

Other contacts

Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre


Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid


Topic categories
biotopes,  conservation status,  England feeding guilds,  habitat fidelity,  habitats,  invertebrates,  NEC05413,  Pantheon,  rarity,  resources,  species associations,  threat
Habitats and Biotopes