Laize, C.L.R.; Barker, L.J.; Edwards, F.K.

Simulated monthly biological indicators for England and Wales 1964-2012

Monthly time series of simulated de-trended/de-seasonalised biological indicators at 86 bio-monitoring sites in England and Wales based on the modelled response of these indicators to discharge (represented by a standardised streamflow index, SSI) at 76 paired gauging stations. The biological indicators include:

(i) Average Score per Taxon (ASPT)
(ii) Lotic-invertebrate Index for Flow Evaluation (LIFE) calculated at family-level (LIFE Family)
(iii) LIFE calculated at species-level (LIFE Species).

The simulation spans the period 1964-2012.

Publication date: 2018-06-27

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Supporting documentation

Format of the dataset : Comma-separated values (CSV)

Access and use conditions

This resource is made available under the terms of the Open Government Licence

You must cite: Laize, C.L.R.; Barker, L.J.; Edwards, F.K. (2018). Simulated monthly biological indicators for England and Wales 1964-2012. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/2ad542be-e883-4c6e-b198-7d49da62208c

 

You must acknowledge the use of Environment Agency using the following statement: © Environment Agency copyright and/or database right 2012. All rights reserved.

This dataset is part of the following

Where/When

Study area
Temporal extent
1964-01-01    to    2012-12-31

Supplemental information

Other useful information regarding this dataset:

Barker, L. J., Hannaford, J., Chiverton, A., & Svensson, C. (2016). From meteorological to hydrological drought using standardised indicators. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20(6), 2483–2505.

Provenance & quality

Biological indicator ASPT and LIFE (family and species levels) were obtained for 86 sites from the EA Freshwater and Marine Biological Surveys for Invertebrates England database (commonly known as ‘BIOSYS’). Biological records for the UK typically exhibit an annual positive trend and seasonal offset (higher values in spring); bio-indicators were therefore de-trended and de-seasonalised by fitting linear regression models (season and year as predictors) then subtracting the fitted bio-indicator values from the raw indicator data. Monthly SSI series for period 1964-2012 for the 76 gauging stations paired to the 86 BIOSYS sites were derived using 6-month accumulation period and Tweedy distribution. Seven predictors were assembled: SSI on same monthly date as biological indicators, and six lagged SSI (6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months prior to date of biological indicators). For each bio-indicator, a model of the indicator’s response to the SSI predictors was fitted using Multi-Level modelling and Multi-Model Inference. Models were then run with the whole SSI dataset to produce the final dataset of simulated de-trended/de-seasonalised ASPT, LIFE Family and LIFE Species series for period 1964-2012.

Correspondence/contact details

Dr Cedric Laize
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford
Wallingford
Oxfordshire
OX10 8BB
United Kingdom
enquiries@ceh.ac.uk

Authors

Laize, C.L.R.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Barker, L.J.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Edwards, F.K.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

Custodian
Environmental Information Data Centre
eidc@ceh.ac.uk
Publisher
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
eidc@ceh.ac.uk

Spatial

Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid

Tags

Topic categories
Environment
INSPIRE Theme
Hydrography
Keywords
ASPT,  Average Score per Taxon,  Biological Indicators,  Drought,  England Historic Drought,  LIFE,  Lotic-invertebrate Index for Flow Evaluation,  SSI,  Standardised Streamflow Index,  Wales Water Scarcity