Stanley, S. et al

Daily and sub-daily hydrometeorological and soil data (2013-2018) [COSMOS-UK]

This dataset contains daily and sub-daily hydrometeorological and soil observations from COSMOS-UK (cosmic-ray soil moisture) monitoring network from October 2013 to the end of 2018. These data are from 50 sites across the UK recording a range of hydrometeorological and soil variables.

Each site in the network records the following hydrometeorological and soil data at 30 minute resolution: Radiation (short wave, long wave and net), precipitation, atmospheric pressure, air temperature, wind speed and direction, humidity, soil heat flux, and soil temperature and volumetric water content (VWC), measured by point senors at various depths.

Each site hosts a cosmic-ray sensing probe; a novel sensor technology which counts fast neutrons in the surrounding atmosphere. In combination with the recorded hydrometeorological data, neutron counts are used to derive VWC over a field scale (COSMOS VWC), at two temporal resolutions (hourly and daily).
The presence of snow leads to erroneously high measurements of COSMOS VWC due to all the extra water in the surrounding area. Included in the daily data are indications of snow days, on which, the COSMOS VWC are adjusted and the snow water equivalent (SWE) is given.

The potential evapotranspiration (PE), derived from recorded hydrometeorological and soil are also included at daily resolution.

Two levels of quality control are carried out, firstly data is run through a series of automated checks, such as range tests and spike tests, and then all data is manually inspected each week where any other faults are picked up, including sensor faults or connection issues. Quality control flags are provided for all recorded (30 minute) data, indicating the reason for any missing data.

Publication date: 2020-09-07

Get the data

Format of the data: Comma-separated values (CSV)

You must cite: Stanley, S.; Antoniou, V.; Askquith-Ellis, A.; Ball, L.A.; Bennett, E.S.; Blake, J.R; Boorman, D.B.; Brooks, M.; Clarke, M.; Cooper, H.M.; Cowan, N.; Cumming, A.; Evans, J.G.; Farrand, P.; Fry, M.; Hitt, O.E.; Lord, W.D.; Morrison, R.; Nash, G.V.; Rylett, D.; Scarlett, P.M.; Swain, O.D.; Szczykulska, M.; Thornton, J.L.; Trill, E.J.; Warwick, A.C.; Winterbourn, B. (2020). Daily and sub-daily hydrometeorological and soil data (2013-2018) [COSMOS-UK]. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/37702a54-b7a4-40ff-b62e-d14b161b69ca

 

Where/When

Study area
Temporal extent
2013-10-02    to    2018-12-31

Provenance & quality

Hydrometeorological and soil observations are recorded at sites around the UK using an array of sensors. Every hour, the raw data collected is sent to CEH in Wallingford, where it is subject to quality control. Soil volumetric water content data are derived from 30 minute hydrometeorological data and data from the cosmic-ray sensing probe by Python scripts run every hour. The data are calculated using the method outlined in Evans et al. (2016, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.10929). Snow water equivalent are derived by Python scripts at the end of the day from the hydrometeorological data according to Wallbank et al. (2020, https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2019EGUGA..2116420W/abstract). Potential evapotranspiration data are derived by Python scripts at the end of the day from the hydrometeorological data according to the Penman-Monteith method (FAO 56, http://www.fao.org/3/X0490E/x0490e00.htm).

All data, that is raw, quality controlled and derived, is saved in an Oracle database.

See supporting documentation for further information.

Supplemental information

Related websites:

Correspondence/contact details

David Boorman
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford
Wallingford
Oxfordshire
OX10 8BB
UNITED KINGDOM
 enquiries@ceh.ac.uk

Authors

Stanley, S.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Antoniou, V.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Askquith-Ellis, A.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Ball, L.A.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Bennett, E.S.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Blake, J.R
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Boorman, D.B.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Brooks, M.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Clarke, M.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Cooper, H.M.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Cowan, N.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Cumming, A.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Evans, J.G.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Farrand, P.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Fry, M.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Hitt, O.E.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lord, W.D.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Morrison, R.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Nash, G.V.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Rylett, D.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Scarlett, P.M.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Swain, O.D.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Szczykulska, M.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Thornton, J.L.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Trill, E.J.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Warwick, A.C.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Winterbourn, B.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

Custodian
NERC EDS Environmental Information Data Centre
 info@eidc.ac.uk
Publisher
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
 info@eidc.ac.uk
Rights Holder
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
 enquiries@ceh.ac.uk

Additional metadata

Topic categories
Climatology / Meteorology / Atmosphere , Environment
Keywords
absolute humidity,  air temperature,  atmospheric pressure,  cosmic-ray sensing probe,  COSMOS-UK,  daily,  Environmental survey Hydrology meteorological observations,  net radiation,  potential evapotranspiration,  precipitation,  relative humidity,  Soil soil heat flux,  Soil moisture,  soil temperature,  sub-daily,  UK,  UK-SCAPE,  wind direction,  wind speed
INSPIRE Theme
Environmental Monitoring Facilities
Funding
Natural Environment Research Council
Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid
Last updated
25 June 2021 18:32