Mitchell, N; Brooks, P.; Squire, J.; Wright, G.; Allison, A.

Loch Leven Waterfowl 1968-2007

The dataset comprises counts of 10 waterfowl species collected from Loch Leven from 1968-2007 by staff at Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) and its predecessor bodies (Nature Conservancy), as part of their long-term monitoring programme of the lake. Counts are for the whole loch and represent an annual peak count based on the monthly counts recorded from September (of the year indicated) through to March (of the following year).

Publication date: 2015-07-29

Get the data

This dataset is made available under the terms of the Open Government Licence

Format of the dataset : Comma-separated values (CSV)

You must cite: Mitchell, N; Brooks, P.; Squire, J.; Wright, G.; Allison, A. (2015). Loch Leven Waterfowl 1968-2007. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre.


© Scottish Natural Heritage


Study area
Temporal extent
1968-01-01    to    2007-12-31

Supplemental information

This dataset is referenced in:

Burthe, S. J., Henrys, P. A., Mackay, E. B., Spears, B. M., Campbell, R., Carvalho, L., Dudley, B., Gunn, I. D. M., Johns, D. G., Maberly, S. C., May, L., Newell, M. A., Wanless, S., Winfield, I. J., Thackeray, S. J. and Daunt, F. (2016), Do early warning indicators consistently predict nonlinear change in long-term ecological data?. J Appl Ecol, 53: 666-676.

Provenance & quality

Monthly autumn and winter (September-March) waterfowl counts were collected from land-based vantage points. Counts were conducted by SNH at monthly intervals between 1967 and 1994, and at monthly intervals using the Wetland Bird Survey (WeBS) methods (Austin et al., 2008) since 1995. Since 2003 the surveys have been carried out fortnightly and from 2008 onwards counts are completed by SNH in collaboration with RSPB Loch Leven. There are some gaps in the dataset where monthly counts were not completed. Peak Pink-footed goose counts are dawn roost counts rather than standard WeBS count methods. Validation of data was in line with protocols referenced in the supporting documents. The dataset was quality controlled by Neil Mitchell who has worked at Loch Leven since 2009, and his predecessor SNH Reserve Wardens.

Correspondence/contact details

Neil Mitchel
Loch Leven National Nature Reserve
The Pier Loch Leven
KY13 8UF
United Kingdom


Mitchell, N
Scottish Natural Heritage
Brooks, P.
Scottish Natural Heritage
Squire, J.
Scottish Natural Heritage
Wright, G.
Scottish Natural Heritage
Allison, A.
Scottish Natural Heritage

Other contacts

Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre


Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
WGS 84


Topic categories
Anas crecca Anas platyrhynchos Anser anser Anser brachyrhynchus Aythya ferina Aythya fuligula Cormorant,  Cygnus olor Fulica atra Great Crested Grebe,  Greylag Goose,  Kinross,  Loch Leven Mallard,  Mute Swan,  Phalacrocorax carbo Pink-footed Goose,  Pochard,  Podiceps cristatus Scotland Teal,  Tufted Duck,  UK
Environmental Monitoring Facilities