Tanguy, M.; Dixon, H.; Prosdocimi, I.; Morris, D. G.; Keller, V. D. J.

Gridded estimates of daily and monthly areal rainfall for the United Kingdom (1890-2012) [CEH-GEAR]

1 km gridded estimates of daily and monthly rainfall for Great-Britain and Northern Ireland (together with approximately 3000 km2 of catchment in the Republic of Ireland) from 1890 to 2012. The rainfall estimates are derived from the Met Office national database of observed precipitation. To derive the estimates, monthly and daily (when complete month available) precipitation totals from the UK rain gauge network are used. The natural neighbour interpolation methodology, including a normalisation step based on average annual rainfall, was used to generate the daily and monthly estimates. The estimated rainfall on a given day refers to the rainfall amount precipitated in 24 hours between 9am on that day until 9am on the following day. The CEH-GEAR dataset has been developed according to the guidance provided in BS 7843-4:2012.

Publication date: 2014-05-01

Get the data

Format of the dataset : netCDF

Licence terms and conditions apply

You must cite: Tanguy, M.; Dixon, H.; Prosdocimi, I.; Morris, D. G.; Keller, V. D. J. (2014). Gridded estimates of daily and monthly areal rainfall for the United Kingdom (1890-2012) [CEH-GEAR]. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/5dc179dc-f692-49ba-9326-a6893a503f6e

 

Where/When

Study area
Temporal extent
1890-01-01    to    2012-12-31

Supplemental information

Data papers that describe this dataset:

Keller, V. D. J., Tanguy, M., Prosdocimi, I., Terry, J. A., Hitt, O., Cole, S. J., Fry, M., Morris, D. G., and Dixon, H.: CEH-GEAR: 1 km resolution daily and monthly areal rainfall estimates for the UK for hydrological use, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 8, 83-112, doi:10.5194/essdd-8-83-2015, 2015.

This dataset is cited by:

Robinson, E. L., Blyth, E. M., Clark, D. B., Finch, J., & Rudd, A. C. (2017). Trends in atmospheric evaporative demand in Great Britain using high-resolution meteorological data. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21(2), 1189–1224.
Sharps, K., Masante, D., Thomas, A., Jackson, B., Redhead, J., May, L., … Jones, L. (2017). Comparing strengths and weaknesses of three ecosystem services modelling tools in a diverse UK river catchment. Science of The Total Environment, 584–585, 118–130.
Crooks, S. M., & Kay, A. L. (2015). Simulation of river flow in the Thames over 120 years: Evidence of change in rainfall-runoff response? Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 4, 172–195.
Prudhomme, C., Sauquet, E., & Watts, G. (2015). Low Flow Response Surfaces for Drought Decision Support: A Case Study from the UK. Journal of Extreme Events, 2(2), 1550005
Rowe, E. C., Toberman, H., Adams, J. L., Lawlor, A. J., Thacker, S. A., Patel, M., & Tipping, E. (2016). Productivity in a dominant herbaceous species is largely unrelated to soil macronutrient stocks. Science of The Total Environment, 572, 1636–1644.
Hutchins, M. G., Abesser, C., Prudhomme, C., Elliott, J. A., Bloomfield, J. P., Mansour, M. M., & Hitt, O. E. (2018). Combined impacts of future land-use and climate stressors on water resources and quality in groundwater and surface waterbodies of the upper Thames river basin, UK. Science of The Total Environment, 631–632, 962–986.
Gadian, A. M., Blyth, A. M., Bruyere, C. L., Burton, R. R., Done, J. M., Groves, J., … Warner, J. L. (2017). A case study of possible future summer convective precipitation over the UK and Europe from a regional climate projection. International Journal of Climatology, 38(5), 2314–2324.
Chiverton, A., Hannaford, J., Holman, I. P., Corstanje, R., Prudhomme, C., Hess, T. M., & Bloomfield, J. P. (2015). Using variograms to detect and attribute hydrological change. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19(5), 2395–2408.
Munro, K., Martins, C. P. B., Loewenthal, M., Comber, S., Cowan, D. A., Pereira, L., & Barron, L. P. (2019). Evaluation of combined sewer overflow impacts on short-term pharmaceutical and illicit drug occurrence in a heavily urbanised tidal river catchment (London, UK). Science of The Total Environment, 657, 1099–1111.
Parry, S., Wilby, R., Prudhomme, C., Wood, P., & McKenzie, A. (2018). Demonstrating the utility of a drought termination framework: prospects for groundwater level recovery in England and Wales in 2018 or beyond. Environmental Research Letters, 13(6), 64040.
Lewis, E., Birkinshaw, S., Kilsby, C., & Fowler, H. J. (2018). Development of a system for automated setup of a physically-based, spatially-distributed hydrological model for catchments in Great Britain. Environmental Modelling & Software, 108, 102–110.

Provenance & quality

The rainfall estimates are derived from the Met Office national database of observed precipitations. To derive the monthly estimates, monthly and daily (when complete month availabe) precipitation totals from the UK raingauge network are used. An additional quality control step (data already quality controlled by the Met Office) was introduced to check events greater than the 200 year return period. The natural neighbour interpolation methodology, including a normalisation step based on average annual rainfall (SAAR61-90), was used to generate the daily and monthly rainfall grids. The daily grids are adjusted so that the monthly totals calculated from those are in agreement with the monthly grids. As an indicator of the quality of the estimates, the dataset also contains for each grid generated a grid containing the distance to the closest raingauge used to interpolate the grid point. A grid containing the number of missing estimates for each year is also provided. The CEH-GEAR dataset has been developed according to the guidance provided in BS 7843-4:2012.

Correspondence/contact details

Dr Virginie Keller
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford
Wallingford
Oxfordshire
OX10 8BB
United Kingdom
enquiries@ceh.ac.uk

Authors

Tanguy, M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Dixon, H.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Prosdocimi, I.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Morris, D. G.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Keller, V. D. J.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

Custodian
Environmental Information Data Centre
eidc@ceh.ac.uk
Publisher
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
eidc@ceh.ac.uk
Originator
Dr Virginie Keller
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
enquiries@ceh.ac.uk

Spatial

Spatial representation type
Raster
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid
EPSG::4188
OSNI 1952 / Irish National Grid

Tags

Topic categories
Climatology / Meteorology / Atmosphere
Keywords
Climate and climate change Daily,  Great Britain,  monthly,  Northern Ireland Rees section United Kingdom Water Resources
INSPIRE Theme
Meteorological geographical features