This data set consists of various hydrological measurements taken over two years of instrumental monitoring in fields of willow and Miscanthus crops from a study as part of the NERC Rural Economy and Land Use (RELU) programme. Future policies are likely to encourage more land use under energy crops: principally willow, grown as short rotation coppice, and a tall exotic grass Miscanthus. These crops will contribute to the UK's commitment to reduce CO2 emissions. However, it is not clear how decisions about appropriate areas for growing the crops, based on climate, soil and water, should be balanced against impacts on the landscape, social acceptance, biodiversity and the rural economy. This project integrated social, economic, hydrology and biodiversity studies in an interdisciplinary approach to assessing the impact of converting land to Miscanthus grass and short-rotation coppice (SRC) willows. Two contrasting farming systems were focused on: the arable-dominated East Midlands; and grassland-dominated South West England. This data set consists of various hydrological measurements taken over two years of instrumental monitoring in fields of both crops. GIS and biodiversity survey datasets are also available. The public attidues questionnaire data from this study are available at the UK Data Archive under study number 6615 (see online resources). Further documentation for this study may be found through the RELU Knowledge Portal and the project's ESRC funding award web page (see online resources).
Publication date: 2010-12-01
Research funded by Economic and Social Research Council, Natural Environment Research Council and Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. Award Number: RES-227-25-0020 Logged and manual measurements of 56 hydrological variables. Dataset consists of two files; one for each sampling site. Sampling carried out 26 Apr 2006 - 21 Feb 2007 for Miscanthus and 12 May 2006 - 6 Dec 2007 for SRC willow. Continuously logged, at hourly intervals, measurements of: downward global solar radiation, net radiation, air temperature, wet bulb temperature, wind speed, wind direction, rainfall, soil, latent and sensible heat fluxes and two sets of soil water contents measured at 6 depths. Intermittent measurements of canopy height and two sets of soil water content measured at 17 depths. Measurements were made using standard, commercially available instruments. Full details of the hydrological measurements, their units and the instruments used are found in the data files, along with information on the two sample sites.