Wood, C.L.; Hawkins, S.J.; Godbold, J.A.; Solan, M.

Coastal Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (CBESS) population bioturbation potential in mudflat and saltmarsh habitats

The dataset details population bioturbation potential (BPp) across 6 intertidal sites in the winter and summer of 2013. The data provide an index of bioturbation potential of invertebrate species populations present within the top 10cm of sediment. Three sites were located in Essex, South East England and the other 3 in Morecambe Bay, North West England. Each site consisted of a saltmarsh habitat and adjacent mudflat habitat. 22 sampling quadrats were placed in each habitat covering 4 spatial scales. 3 replicate cores of sediment were collected at each quadrat. They were sieved on a 0.5mm mesh and the macrofauna was removed, identified to species (or appropriate taxon) and individuals were identified to species (or most appropriate taxon), counted and weighed. The resulting abundance and biomass data were then used to calculate BPp of each individual species present within a sample.

BPp data for mudflat habitats across Essex and Morecambe are complete, however, saltmarsh data is only available for one full Essex site (Tillingham Marsh), in one season (winter) and across all sites, at the 1m scale.

This data was collected as part of Coastal Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (CBESS): NE/J015644/1. The project was funded with support from the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (BESS) programme. BESS is a six-year programme (2011-2017) funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) as part of the UK's Living with Environmental Change (LWEC) programme.

Publication date: 2015-12-31

Get the data

This dataset is made available under the terms of the Open Government Licence

Format of the data: Comma-separated values (CSV)

You must cite: Wood, C.L.; Hawkins, S.J.; Godbold, J.A.; Solan, M. (2015). Coastal Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (CBESS) population bioturbation potential in mudflat and saltmarsh habitats. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/6d06122c-c856-4127-b7a5-34059d0e48e7


© University of Southampton


Study area
Temporal extent
2013-01-01    to    2013-08-01

Provenance & quality

The location of the sample sites was determined by randomly allocated quadrats. Twenty two 1 x 1 m quadrats were randomly allocated to each mudflat and saltmarsh site using R (R Development Core Team, 2014) to specify four different spatial scales (A = 1 quadrat only, B = 3 quadrats at 1 m to 10 m apart, C = 6 quadrats at 10 m to 100 m apart, D = 12 quadrats at 100 m to 1000 m or site maximum).

3 cylindrical cores of sediment (10cm depth and diameter) were taken at each quadrat and fixed in 4 percent buffered formalin in seawater. The cores were then sieved on a 0.5mm mesh and the residue retained and preserved in 70 percent Industrial Methylated Spirit (IMS). Using a stereo microscope, all the animals were picked out of the residue, identified to species level (or appropriate taxon). To obtain the abundance data, each individual of each species was counted and stored in vials containing 70 percent IMS. In cases where specimens had been damaged (any badly damaged specimens or parts of specimens where no head was present were separated into major group debris (annelid, mollusc and crustacea) pots and a YES/NO presence noted. To obtain the biomass data, the individuals of each taxon (from one replicate) were blotted on tissue paper to remove any excess IMS. They were then weighed on a balance and the weight was recorded to 0.0001g. In situations where the animals were too light to register on the balance, a weight of 0.0001g was recorded. (The same method was used to obtain biomass values for major group debris.) The data were then multiplied by 127.323955 to give results in m squared (rounded to the nearest whole individual for abundance and nearest 0.0001g for biomass). The abundance and biomass data was then used to calculate BPp as follows:

BPp = BPi x Ai Where Ai = Individual species abundance per m squared and BPi = (square root Bi) x Mi x Ri Where Bi = individual biomass per m squared. Mi = individual species mobility. Ri = individual species reworking.

Correspondence/contact details

Professor Martin Solan
University of Southampton
University Road
SO17 1BJ


Wood, C.L.
University of Southampton
Hawkins, S.J.
University of Southampton
Godbold, J.A.
University of Southampton
Solan, M.
University of Southampton

Other contacts

NERC EDS Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
Rights Holder
University of Southampton

Additional metadata

Topic categories
Abra tenuis abundance,  benthic,  BESS,  biodiversity,  biomass,  bioturbation,  BPi,  CBESS,  Corophium arenarium Corophium volutator Essex Eteone longa Hediste diversicolor intertidal,  Macona balthica,  macrofauna,  Morecambe Bay mudflat,  Peringia ulvae population bioturbation potential,  Pygospio elegans salt marsh,  season,  sediment,  spatial scale,  species,  United Kingdom
Habitats and Biotopes
Natural Environment Research Council Award: NE/J015644/1
Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid
Last updated
20 May 2022 10:41