Barr, C.J. et al

Countryside Survey estimates of Broad Habitat area change in Great Britain between 1990,1998 and 2007

This dataset consists of change data for areas of Broad Habitats across Great Britain between 1990 and 1998, between 1990 and 2007, and between 1998 and 2007. The data are national estimates generated by analysing the sample data from up to 591 1km squares and scaling up to a national level. The data are summarized as change in habitat area per Land Class (areas of similar environmental characteristics). The sample sites are chosen from a stratified random sample, based on a 15 by 15 km grid of GB and using the 'ITE Land Classification' as a method of stratification. The data were collected as part of Countryside Survey, a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside. The Survey has been carried out at regular intervals since 1978 by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. The countryside is sampled and surveyed using rigorous scientific methods, allowing us to compare new results with those from previous surveys. In this way we can detect the gradual and subtle changes that occur in the UK's countryside over time. Surveys have been carried out in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1998 and 2007 with repeated visits to the majority of squares. In addition to habitat areas, vegetation species data, soil data, linear habitat data, and freshwater habitat data are also gathered by Countryside Survey.

Publication date: 2014-12-08

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Supporting documentation

Format of the Dataset : Comma-separated values (CSV)

Access and use conditions

This resource is made available under the terms of the Open Government Licence

You must cite: Barr, C.J.; Brown, M.J.; Bunce, R.G.H.; Carey, P.D.; Chandler, K.; Clarke, R. T.; Crowe, A.; Gillespie, M.K.; Hallam, C.J.; Howard, D.C.; Maskell, L.C.; Ness, M. J.; Norton, L.R.; Scott, R.J.; Scott, W.A.; Smart, S.M.; Stuart, R.C.; Watkins, J.W. ; Wood, C.M.; Wright, S.M. (2014). Countryside Survey estimates of Broad Habitat area change in Great Britain between 1990,1998 and 2007. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre.


The following acknowledgement shall be used on all copies of the data, publications and reports, including use in presentations to any audience. 'Countryside Survey data owned by NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology'

© Database Right/Copyright NERC– Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. All rights reserved.

This dataset is part of the following


Study area
Temporal extent
1990-05-01    to    2007-10-31


The data were recorded onto paper field sheets in the summers of 1990 and 1998/1999 by surveyors. In the summer of 2007, the data were recorded using electronic data capture devices. Data were recorded from 508 1km squares (1990), 569 1km squares (1998/1999) and 591 1km squares (2007) sited across Britain, selected by random stratified sample. The areas of UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP) Broad Habitats from 1990 and 1998/1999 were digitized in 2000. The digitized data were used to generate national estimates of the change in Broad Habitats for Great Britain using the standard Countryside Survey methodology (refer to the online documentation). Estimates are presented by ITE Land Class (2007 version).


Barr, C.J.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Brown, M.J.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Bunce, R.G.H.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Carey, P.D.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Chandler, K.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Clarke, R. T.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Crowe, A.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Gillespie, M.K.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Hallam, C.J.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Howard, D.C.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Maskell, L.C.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Ness, M. J.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Norton, L.R.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Scott, R.J.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Scott, W.A.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Smart, S.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Stuart, R.C.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Watkins, J.W.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Wood, C.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Wright, S.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

Natural Environment Research Council
Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
Environmental Information Data Centre
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg
United Kingdom


Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid


Topic categories
Other keywords
Broad Habitats
Countryside Survey
Other keywords
Natural Capital (en)
Land cover
Parr Section
Theme keywords
Habitats and biotopes

Dataset identifiers



Information maintained by
Wood, C.
Parr Section
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