Integrated Floodplain Management - ecology & hydrology data, 2006-2008

Hydrological monitoring data in this data collection result from dipwells installed at studied flood defence scheme, where electronic gauges monitored water-table fluctuations over time. Ecological data contain species sighting records of birds, butterflies, dragonflies and damselflies recorded during site visits to flood defence schemes in summer 2007. These data aim to show the relationship between water regimes and habitat potential.The study is part of the NERC Rural Economy and Land Use (RELU) programme. Agricultural Flood Defence Schemes in floodplain and coastal areas were once an important element of Government support for farmers in Britain. More recently, however, changing priorities in the countryside, concern about environmental quality and perceptions of increased flood risk in lowland areas, in part linked to climate change, have promoted a re-appraisal of land management options and policies for floodplain areas. Eight agricultural flood defence schemes, previously studied by the research team in the 1980s, have been re-examined to identify and explain changes in land and water management that have occurred over the last 40-years. This involved stakeholder and institutional analysis, farmer interviews, ecological surveys, field observations and modelling of hydrological and related ecological processes. Generic land use scenarios have been developed to consider management options that focus on single objectives, such as maximising agricultural production, maximising biodiversity and minimising flood risk in the catchment. The scenarios examined the impacts of changes in rural land use on ecosystem goods and services. The influence of agricultural policy, interacting with farmer circumstances and motivation, on land use has also been explored. The project also evaluated the impacts of the summer 2007 floods on agriculture and rural communities. The results revealed opportunities for achieving a wide range of benefits relating to farming, biodiversity, amenity, flood management, water quality and the wider rural economy. The study informed strategies for floodplain management, helping to develop approaches that are appealing to major stakeholders. Historical data on the studied flood defence schemes, farm business survey data and interviews with farmers at flood defence schemes, and interviews with farmers and rural businesses affected by summer floods in 2007 are available at the UK Data Archive under study number 6377 (see online resources). Further documentation for this study may be found through the RELU Knowledge Portal and the project's ESRC funding award web page (see online resources).

Publication date: 2010-11-02

Get the data

RELU Data Archive

Format of the dataset : Comma-separated values (CSV)

Standard conditions of use of the Economic and Social Data Service apply

Any publication, whether printed, electronic or broadcast, based wholly or in part on these materials, should acknowledge the original data creators, depositors or copyright holders, the funders of the Data Collections (if different) and the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). Copyright:J. Morris, T.M. Hess, D.J.G. Gowing and P. Trawick

Where/When

Study area
Temporal extent
2006-05-01    to    2009-03-31

Supplemental information

Other useful information regarding this dataset:

Provenance & quality

Research funded by Economic and Social Research Council, Natural Environment Research Council and Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. Award Number: RES-227-25-0017 Hydrological monitoring data in this data collection result from dipwells installed in one representative field for each flood defence scheme studied. Electronic gauges monitored water-table fluctuations over time. A further gauge was installed in the adjacent watercourse. These field water-table records at a temporal resolution of 1 hour over approx 2 years, were used to calibrate and validate a model to simulate field water-table depth from weather, soils and water course levels. Ecological data in this collection are based on the habitat classification system (JNCC Phase 1 and 2) to show the relationship between water regimes (surface flooding and soil-water-table depth) and habitat potential, with particular reference to vegetation. The links between vegetation and the diversity of fauna were made at the landscape scale, allowing for the size, connectivity and degree of disturbance of the site. Existing wildlife habitats and species occurrence were recorded for each site, recording birds, butterflies , dragonflies and damselflies, as well as their potential for enhancement. Research funded by Economic and Social Research Council, Natural Environment Research Council and Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. Award Number: RES-227-25-0017 Hydrological monitoring data in this data collection result from dipwells installed in one representative field for each flood defence scheme studied. Electronic gauges monitored water-table fluctuations over time. A further gauge was installed in the adjacent watercourse. These field water-table records at a temporal resolution of 1 hour over approx 2 years, were used to calibrate and validate a model to simulate field water-table depth from weather, soils and water course levels. Ecological data in this collection are based on the habitat classification system (JNCC Phase 1 and 2) to show the relationship between water regimes (surface flooding and soil-water-table depth) and habitat potential, with particular reference to vegetation. The links between vegetation and the diversity of fauna were made at the landscape scale, allowing for the size, connectivity and degree of disturbance of the site. Existing wildlife habitats and species occurrence were recorded for each site, recording birds, butterflies , dragonflies and damselflies, as well as their potential for enhancement.

Correspondence/contact details

Morris, J.
Cranfield University, School of Applied Sciences, Natural Resources Department
UK
j.morris@cranfield.ac.uk

Authors

Posthumus, H.
Cranfield University. School of Applied Sciences. Natural Resources Department
Rouquette, J.
Open University. Department of Biological Sciences

Other contacts

Custodian
Environmental Information Data Centre
enquiries@ceh.ac.uk
Owner
Gowing, D.
Open University. Department of Biological Sciences
d.j.gowing@open.ac.uk
Owner
Hess, T.
Cranfield University. School of Applied Sciences. Natural Resources Department
t.hess@cranfield.ac.uk
Owner
Trawick, P.
Cranfield University, School of Applied Sciences
p.trawick@cranfield.ac.uk
Owner
Morris, J.
Cranfield University, School of Applied Sciences, Natural Resources Department
j.morris@cranfield.ac.uk

Spatial

Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
WGS 84

Tags

Topic categories
Biota , Environment , Farming
Keywords
agricultural policy,  biodiversity,  ecology,  farmers,  farms,  floods,  Integrated Floodplain Management,  land drainage,  land management,  RELU,  rural economics,  Rural Economy and Land Use Programme,  water damage
INSPIRE Theme
Land Use