Bunce, R.G.H.; Wood, C.M.; Henrys, P.A.; Smart, S.M.; Howard, D.C.; Barr, C.J.

Landscape area data 1978 [Countryside Survey]

This dataset consists of stock (area) data for Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) Broad Habitats across Great Britain in 1978. Data are presented as areas of Broad (or Priority) Habitats within a set of 256 1km squares across Great Britain.
The Countryside Survey is a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside. The sample sites are chosen from a stratified random sample, based on a 15 by 15 km grid of GB. Surveys have been carried out in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1998 and 2007 by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, with repeated visits to the majority of squares. The countryside is sampled and surveyed using rigorous scientific methods, allowing us to compare new results with those from previous surveys. In this way we can detect the gradual and subtle changes that occur in the UK's countryside over time. In addition to habitat areas, vegetation species data, soil data, linear habitat data, and freshwater habitat data are also gathered by Countryside Survey.

Publication date: 2016-01-20

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Licence terms and conditions apply

Format of the dataset : Comma-separated values (CSV)

You must cite: Bunce, R.G.H.; Wood, C.M.; Henrys, P.A.; Smart, S.M.; Howard, D.C.; Barr, C.J. (2016). Landscape area data 1978 [Countryside Survey]. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/86c017ba-dc62-46f0-ad13-c862bf31740e


© Database Right/Copyright NERC - Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. All rights reserved.

The following acknowledgement shall be used on all copies of the data, publications and reports, including use in presentations to any audience. 'Countryside Survey data owned by NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology'

This dataset is part of the following


Study area
Temporal extent
1978-05-01    to    1978-11-01

Supplemental information

Other useful information regarding this dataset:

Wood, C.M.; Howard, D.C.; Henrys, P.A.; Bunce, R.G.H.; Smart, S.M.. 2012 Countryside Survey: measuring habitat change over 30 years: 1978 data rescue - final report. Lancaster, NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 18pp. (CEH Project Number: C03689)

Provenance & quality

The data were recorded onto paper field sheets in the summers of 1977 and 1978 by surveyors. Data were recorded from 256 1km squares sited across Britain, selected by random stratified sample. The areas of BAP Broad Habitats were digitized in 2009. Also see: Countryside Survey: Measuring Habitat Change Over 30 Years. 1978 Data Rescue - Final Report (2012) Wood C.M., Howard D.C., Henrys P.A., Bunce R.G.H., Smart S.M.

Correspondence/contact details

Claire Wood
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg
United Kingdom


Bunce, R.G.H.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Wood, C.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Henrys, P.A.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Smart, S.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Howard, D.C.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Barr, C.J.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology

Other contacts

Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre


Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid


Topic categories
Biodiversity Environmental survey
Environmental Monitoring Facilities