Bunce, R.G.H; Barr, C.J.; Clarke, R.T.; Howard, D.C.; Lane, A.M.J.

ITE Land Classification of Great Britain 1998

The Land Classification 1998 is a classification of Great Britain into a set of 40 environmental strata, termed land classes, to be used as a basis for ecological survey, originally developed by the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology (ITE) in the late 1970s and building upon a previous 1990 version. The strata were created from the multivariate analysis of 75 environmental variables, including climatic data, topographic data, human geographical features and geology data. The Land Classification can be used to stratify a wide range of ecological and biogeographical surveys to improve the efficiency of collection, analysis and presentation of information derived from a sample. The Land Classification 1998 provided stratification for the Countryside Survey of Great Britain 2000 and was adjusted from the 1990 version as a consequence of needing to provide National Estimates for habitats for Scotland from Countryside Survey 2000 in addition to GB as a whole. The dataset was later modified in 2007 during Countryside Survey 2007. Both the 1990 version and the 2007 version are also available.

Publication date: 1998-12-31

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You must cite: Bunce, R.G.H; Barr, C.J.; Clarke, R.T.; Howard, D.C.; Lane, A.M.J. (1998). ITE Land Classification of Great Britain 1998. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/971671a6-98b4-4d80-b165-21dace7373b9


This dataset is part of the following


Study area
Temporal extent
1998-12-31    to    …


The 1998 version of the ITE Land Classification was developed from an earlier classification from 1990 which used environmental data from all 240,000 km squares in GB to create the stratification. It contains 40 classes or strata, distributed across Great Britain. Each stratum consists of areas with similar environmental characteristics. The classification differs from the 1990 version by splitting classes in England and creating additional classes in Scotland. Further information is provided in the supporting documents available in the Online Resources.


Bunce, R.G.H
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Barr, C.J.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Clarke, R.T.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Howard, D.C.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Lane, A.M.J.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology

Other contacts

Point Of Contact
Wood, C.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg
United Kingdom
Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
Environmental Information Data Centre


Spatial representation type
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid


Topic categories
Geoscientific Information
Other keywords
Monitoring & Observing Systems
Parr Section
Discipline keywords
landscape ecology
Place keywords
Great Britain
Theme keywords
Bio-geographical regions

Dataset identifiers



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