Dataset
Standardised Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index time series for Integrated Hydrological Units Groups (1961-2012)

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Tanguy, M.; Kral, F.; Fry, M.; Svensson, C.; Hannaford, J. (2015)
https://doi.org/10.5285/9b550cc5-4cba-45fb-ab92-8408454fa1d4

Standardised Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) data for Integrated Hydrological Units (IHU) groups (Kral et al. [1]). SPEI is a drought index based on the probability of occurrence of the Climatic Water Balance (CWB) - which is equivalent to the amount of precipitation minus the amount of evapotranspiration - for a given accumulation period as defined by Vicente-Serrano et al. [2]. SPEI is calculated for different accumulation periods: 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 months. Each of these is in turn calculated for each of the twelve calendar months. Note that values in monthly (and for longer accumulation periods also annual) time series of the data therefore are likely to be autocorrelated. The standard period which was used to fit the general logistic distribution is 1961-2010. The dataset covers the period from 1961 to 2012. [1] Kral, F., Fry, M., Dixon, H. (2015). Integrated Hydrological Units of the United Kingdom: Groups. NERC-Environmental Information Data Centre doi:10.5285/f1cd5e33-2633-4304-bbc2-b8d34711d902 [2] Vicente-Serrano, S. M., Beguería, S., López-Moreno, J. I. (2010) A Multiscalar Drought Index Sensitive to Global Warming: The Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index. J. Climate, 23, 1696 to 1718. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2009JCLI2909.1

Publication date: 2015-09-30

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Format of the dataset: Comma-separated values (CSV)

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You must cite: Tanguy, M.; Kral, F.; Fry, M.; Svensson, C.; Hannaford, J. (2015). Standardised Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index time series for Integrated Hydrological Units Groups (1961-2012). NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/9b550cc5-4cba-45fb-ab92-8408454fa1d4

 

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Where/When

Study area
Temporal extent
1961-01-01    to    2012-12-31

Quality

Lineage
SPEI is calculated as originally defined in Vicente-Serrano et al. [1]. SPEI is based on the cumulative probability of a given Climatic Water Balance (CWB) - which is equivalent to the amount of precipitation minus the amount of evapotranspiration - occurring at a location. The historic CWB data of the station is fitted to a statistical distribution. For this dataset, the statistical distribution used is the generalised logistic distribution. The maximum likelihood method was used to estimate the generalised logistic distribution parameters. To calculate SPEI, the R package SCI was used (Gudmundsson & Stagge [2]). The input data used is the monthly rainfall grids from CEH-Gridded Estimates of Areal Rainfall [CEH-GEAR] (Tanguy et al. [3], Keller et al. [4]) and CHESS potential evapotranspiration dataset (Robinson et al. [5], [6]) which have been area-averaged over each of the Integrated Hydrological Units (IHU) groups(Kral et al. [7]). [1] Vicente-Serrano, S. M., Beguería, S., López-Moreno, J. I. (2010) A Multiscalar Drought Index Sensitive to Global Warming: The Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index. J. Climate, 23, 1696–1718. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2009JCLI2909.1 [2] Gudmundsson, L. & Stagge, J. H. (2014). Package ‘SCI’: Standardized Climate Indices such as SPI, SRI or SPEI. Repository CRAN, http://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/SCI/SCI.pdf [3] Tanguy, M., Dixon, H., Prosdocimi, I., Morris, D. G., Keller, V. D. J. (2014). Gridded estimates of daily and monthly areal rainfall for the United Kingdom (1890-2012) [CEH-GEAR]. NERC-Environmental Information Data Centre doi:10.5285/5dc179dc-f692-49ba-9326-a6893a503f6e [4] Keller, V. D. J., Tanguy, M. , Prosdocimi, I. , Terry, J. A. , Hitt, O., Cole, S. J. , Fry, M., Morris, D. G., Dixon, H. (2015) CEH-GEAR: 1km resolution daily and monthly areal rainfall estimates for the UK for hydrological use. Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 8, 83-112, www.earth-syst-sci-data-discuss.net/8/83/2015/ doi:10.5194/essdd-8-83-2015. [5] Robinson, E. L., Blyth, E., Clark, D. B., Finch, J., Rudd, A. C. (in preparation), Trends in evaporative demand in Great Britain using high-resolution meteorological data. [6] Robinson, E. L., Blyth, E., Clark, D. B., Finch, J., Rudd, A. C. (2015). Climate hydrology and ecology research support system potential evapotranspiration dataset for Great Britain (1961-2012) [CHESS-PE]. NERC-Environmental Information Data Centre [7] Kral, F., Fry, M., Dixon, H. (2015). Integrated Hydrological Units of the United Kingdom: Groups. NERC-Environmental Information Data Centre doi:10.5285/f1cd5e33-2633-4304-bbc2-b8d34711d902

Authors

Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

Point Of Contact
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford
OX10 8BB Wallingford
Oxfordshire
United Kingdom
Originator
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Publisher
Custodian
Distributor

Spatial

Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid

Keywords

Topic categories
Climatology / Meteorology / Atmosphere
Other keywords
SPEI
indicator
accumulation period
Integrated Hydrological Units
IHU
drought
rainfall extremes
climatic water balance
CEH Topic
Natural hazards (en)
Rees Section
INSPIRE Theme
Meteorological geographical features

Dataset identifiers

https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/id/9b550cc5-4cba-45fb-ab92-8408454fa1d4
doi:10.5285/9b550cc5-4cba-45fb-ab92-8408454fa1d4

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Last updated
2017-10-25T13:52:40