Jarvis, S.G.; Redhead, J.W.; Henrys, P.A.; Risser, H.A.; Da Silva Osório, B.M.; Pywell, R.F.

CEH Land Cover plus: Pesticides 2012-2017 (England, Scotland and Wales)

CEH Land Cover plus: Pesticides maps annual average pesticide applications across England, Wales and Scotland. The product provides application estimates for 162 different active ingredients including herbicides, insecticides, molluscicides and fungicides. It is produced at a 1km resolution with units of kg active ingredient applied per year, averaged between 2012 and 2017. Pesticide application rates (kg/km2/yr) are calculated for each of the crops grown in each 1km square, using information from CEH Land Cover® Plus: Crops 2015, 2016 and 2017 to determine where each crop is grown. Pesticide application data is provided by the Pesticide Usage Survey. Uncertainty maps are produced alongside each active ingredient map to quantify the level of confidence in the estimated applications. Uncertainty is quantified using the distribution of each parameter estimate obtained from the modelling method and is expressed relative to the total application. The product builds upon the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) Land Cover® Plus: Crops product.

These maps were created under the NERC funded ASSIST (Achieving Sustainable Agricultural Systems) project to enable exploration of the impacts of agrochemical usage on the environment, enabling farmers and policymakers to implement better, more sustainable agricultural practices.

Publication date: 2020-03-24


Study area
Temporal extent
2012-01-01    to    2017-12-31

Provenance & quality

These maps were created under the ASSIST (Achieving Sustainable Agricultural Systems) project by staff at the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology to enable exploration of the impacts of agrochemical usage on the environment, enabling farmers and policymakers to implement better, more sustainable agricultural practices.

The maps use data from the Fera Pesticide Utilisation Surveys (PUS), SASA Pesticide Survey Unit and CEH Land Cover® plus: Crops and have been assessed for quality. For further information, please see the supporting documentation available with this data product.

Correspondence/contact details

Jarvis, S.G.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg


Jarvis, S.G.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Redhead, J.W.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Henrys, P.A.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Risser, H.A.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Da Silva Osório, B.M.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Pywell, R.F.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

NERC EDS Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
Rights Holder
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Additional metadata

Topic categories
Environment , Farming
2,4-D,  2,4-DB,  Acetamiprid,  Achieving Sustainable Agricultural Systems,  Active ingredient,  Agriculture Alpha-cypermethrin,  Ametoctradin,  Amidosulfuron,  Aminopyralid,  Amisulbrom,  ASSIST,  Asulam,  Azoxystrobin,  Bentazone,  Benthiavalicarb-isopropyl,  Beta-cyfluthrin,  Bifenox,  Bixafen,  Boscalid,  Bromoxynil,  Carbendazim,  Carbetamide,  Carboxin,  Carfentrazone-ethyl,  Chloridazon,  Chlorothalonil,  Chlorotoluron,  Chlorpyrifos,  Clethodim,  Clodinafop-propargyl,  Clomazone,  Clopyralid,  Clothianidin,  Copper oxychloride,  Cyazofamid,  Cycloxydim,  Cyflufenamid,  Cymoxanil,  Cypermethrin,  Cyproconazole,  Cyprodinil,  Deltamethrin,  Designing future farmed landscapes Desmedipham,  Dicamba,  Dichlorprop-P,  Difenoconazole,  Diflufenican,  Dimethachlor,  Dimethenamid-P,  Dimethoate,  Dimethomorph,  Dimoxystrobin,  Diquat,  Environmental risk Epoxiconazole,  Esfenvalerate,  Ethofumesate,  Famoxadone,  Fenamidone,  Fenoxaprop-P-ethyl,  Fenpropidin,  Fenpropimorph,  Ferric phosphate,  Flonicamid,  Florasulam,  Fluazifop-P-butyl,  Fluazinam,  Fludioxonil,  Flufenacet,  Flumioxazine,  Fluopicolide,  Fluopyram,  Fluoxastrobin,  Flupyrsulfuron-methyl,  Fluquinconazole,  Fluroxypyr,  Flurtamone,  Flusilazole,  Flutolanil,  Flutriafol,  Fluxapyroxad,  Folpet,  Fosthiazate,  Fuberidazole,  Glufosinate-ammonium,  Glyphosate,  Halauxifen-methyl,  Hymexazol,  Imazalil,  Imazamox,  Imidacloprid,  Indoxacarb,  Iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium,  Ioxynil,  Ipconazole,  Iprodione,  Isopyrazam,  Isoxaben,  Kresoxim-methyl,  Lambda-cyhalothrin,  Land use Land use Lenacil,  Linuron,  Managing the impacts of farming on the environment Mancozeb,  Mandipropamid,  Mapping Mapping MCPA,  MCPB,  Mecoprop-P,  Mesosulfuron-methyl,  Mesotrione,  Metalaxyl-M,  Metaldehyde,  Metamitron,  Metazachlor,  Metconazole,  Methiocarb,  Metrafenone,  Metribuzin,  Metsulfuron-methyl,  Napropamide,  Nicosulfuron,  Oxamyl,  Pencycuron,  Pendimethalin,  Penthiopyrad,  Pest control pesticides,  Phenmedipham,  Picloram,  Picolinafen,  Picoxystrobin,  Pinoxaden,  Pirimicarb,  Prochloraz,  Propamocarb hydrochloride,  Propaquizafop,  Propiconazole,  Propyzamide,  Proquinazid,  Prosulfocarb,  Prosulfuron,  Prothioconazole,  Pymetrozine,  Pyraclostrobin,  Pyraflufen-ethyl,  Pyrimethanil,  Pyroxsulam,  Quinmerac,  Quinoxyfen,  Quizalofop-P-ethyl,  Quizalofop-P-tefuryl,  Rimsulfuron,  Silthiofam,  S-metolachlor,  Spiroxamine,  Sulfosulfuron,  Sulphur,  Tau-fluvalinate,  Tebuconazole,  Tefluthrin,  Tepraloxydim,  Terbuthylazine,  Thiabendazole,  Thiacloprid,  Thiamethoxam,  Thifensulfuron-methyl,  Thiophanate-methyl,  Thiram,  Tralkoxydim,  Triadimenol,  Tri-allate,  Tribenuron-methyl,  Triclopyr,  Trifloxystrobin,  Triflusulfuron-methyl,  Triticonazole,  Zeta-cypermethrin,  Zoxamide
Land Use
Natural Environment Research Council
Spatial representation type
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid
Last updated
25 June 2021 18:37