Fleiss, S., Waddell, E. H., Bala Ola, B., Banin, L. F., Benedick, S., Bin Sailim, A., Chapman, D. S., Jelling, A., King, H., McClean, C. J., Yeong, K. L. & Hill, J. K. (2020). Conservation set-asides improve carbon storage and support associated plant diversity in certified sustainable oil palm plantations. Biological Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108631 This study uses these data to examine the value of conservation set-asides for carbon storage, and for associated plant diversity, in Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil-certified oil palm plantations. The study uses the findings from the data to make recommendations on the management of conservation set-asides for high carbon storage in future.