Twiston-Davies, G.; Mortimer, S. R.; Mitchley, J.

Lepidoptera distribution and behaviour data from transects within the Stonehenge landscape, UK, between 2010 and 2011

This dataset consists of behaviour and distribution data of Lepidoptera at the Stonehenge World Heritage Site in Wiltshire, UK, between 2010-2011. A long term landscape scale grassland restoration and re-creation project has been underway at the site since 2000. 200m long transects were located in the centre of different grassland re-creation fields of different ages, arable land, chalk grassland fragments on slopes and on ancient burial mounds, and semi-improved pasture. Transects were surveyed on three occasions spread across the field season (June to September), and throughout the day and were selected ad-hoc for survey in order to minimise the effect that the time of year and day would have on results. During the survey, the transect was walked at a slow, steady pace allowing five minutes for each 20m section of transect and the number and species of Lepidoptera present 5m either side and ahead were recorded. If Lepidoptera were observed feeding, then the nectar plant species was also recorded. Habitat quality, defined in terms of vegetation characteristics and nectar resources, was quantified throughout each transect by sampling quadrats in each 20m segment of the transect. Vegetation characteristics were measured as vegetation height and density and the percentage cover of bare ground and dead vegetation. Nectar resources were measured in terms of the number and percentage coverage of flowering units, the total number of nectar flowering units and of relevant families (Dipsacaceae, Fabaceae and Asteraceae). The data were collected as part of a PhD project funded by the Natural Environment Research Council and the National Trust.

Publication date: 2014-09-01

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Supporting documentation

Format of the dataset : Comma-separated values (CSV)

Access and use conditions

This resource is made available under the terms of the Open Government Licence

You must cite: Twiston-Davies, G.; Mortimer, S. R.; Mitchley, J. (2014). Lepidoptera distribution and behaviour data from transects within the Stonehenge landscape, UK, between 2010 and 2011. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/a384bdfb-0bf2-4c3e-80ab-e171f38d503d

 

© University of Reading

The following statement must also be used when reusing the data: Data collected from a project funded by the Natural Environment Research Council and the National Trust

Where/When

Study area
Temporal extent
2010-07-01    to    2011-09-30

Provenance & quality

Data provided is as collected. Outliers and anomalies from pivot tables and exploratory analysis have been checked using results from previous research, particularly for species which are likely or not likely to occur in the area.

Correspondence/contact details

Twiston-Davies, G.
University of Reading
imps@reading.ac.uk

Authors

Twiston-Davies, G.
University of Reading
Mortimer, S. R.
University of Reading
Mitchley, J.
University of Reading

Other contacts

Custodian
Environmental Information Data Centre
eidc@ceh.ac.uk
Publisher
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
eidc@ceh.ac.uk
Resource Provider
Twiston-Davies, G.
University of Reading
imps@reading.ac.uk

Spatial

Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid

Tags

Topic categories
Biota
INSPIRE Theme
Environmental monitoring facilities
Keywords
Animal behaviour butterflies,  day flying moths,  grassland restoration,  Lepidoptera,  Stonehenge United Kingdom Wiltshire