Bunce, R.G.H.; Barr, C.J.; Clarke, R.T.; Howard, D.C.; Lane, A.M.J.

ITE Land Classification of Great Britain 1990

The Land Classification 1990 is a classification of Great Britain into a set of 32 environmental strata, termed land classes, to be used as a basis for ecological survey, originally developed by the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology (ITE) in the late 1970s. The strata were created from the multivariate analysis of 75 environmental variables, including climatic data, topographic data, human geographical features and geology data. The Land Classification can be used to stratify a wide range of ecological and biogeographical surveys to improve the efficiency of collection, analysis and presentation of information derived from a sample. The Land Classification 1990 provided stratification the Countryside Survey of Great Britain 1990. The dataset was later modified in 1998 and 2007 for successive Countryside Surveys, both versions of which are also available.

Publication date: 1990-01-01

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Format of the dataset : ESRI Shapefile format

You must cite: Bunce, R.G.H.; Barr, C.J.; Clarke, R.T.; Howard, D.C.; Lane, A.M.J. (1990). ITE Land Classification of Great Britain 1990. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/ab320e08-faf5-48e1-9ec9-77a213d2907f


This dataset is part of the following


Study area
Temporal extent
1990-12-31    to    …

Provenance & quality

The 1990 version of the ITE Land Classification was developed from an earlier classification attempt in 1978, but used environmental data from all 240,000 km squares in GB to create the stratification. It contains 32 classes or strata, distributed across Great Britain. Each stratum consists of areas with similar environmental characteristics. Further information is provided in the supporting documents available in the Online Resources.

Correspondence/contact details

Wood, C.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg
United Kingdom


Bunce, R.G.H.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Barr, C.J.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Clarke, R.T.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Howard, D.C.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
Lane, A.M.J.
Institute of Terrestrial Ecology

Other contacts

Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre


Spatial representation type
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid


Topic categories
Environment , Geoscientific Information
Countryside Survey,  ecology,  Great Britain,  Institute of Terrestrial Ecology,  ITE,  land classification,  landscape ecology,  Mapping stratification
Bio-geographical Regions