Furse, M.T. et al

Headwater stream invertebrate data 1990 [Countryside Survey]

This dataset consists of invertebrate species records, sampled from headwater streams during a survey in 1990. Macro-invertebrates were sampled using standard protocols. The sample area in each stream was a single area of stream-bed whose major habitat types can be sampled within the recommended sampling period of three minutes of active sampling, supplemented by a one minute hand search. The length of river surveyed would normally vary from 5 to 15m. Samples were collected using a standard 1mm mesh pond net and returned to the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (formerly Institute of Freshwater Ecology) for later sorting and identification. Supplemental physical measurements (width, depth, substrate composition) required to run RIVPACS (River Invertebrate Prediction and Classification System) were taken.
Data were collected under the Countryside Survey long term monitoring project managed by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. The Countryside Survey is a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside. The sample sites are chosen from a stratified random sample, based on a 15 by 15 km grid of GB. Headwater stream surveys have been carried out in 1990, 1998 and 2007 with repeated visits to the majority of sites. The countryside is sampled and surveyed using rigorous scientific methods, allowing us to compare new results with those from previous surveys. In this way we can detect the gradual and subtle changes that occur in the UK's countryside over time. In addition to headwater stream data, soil data, habitat areas, vegetation species data and linear habitat data are also gathered by Countryside Survey.

Publication date: 2016-11-15

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Supporting documentation

Format of the Dataset : Comma-separated values (CSV)

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You must cite: Furse, M.T.; Bass, J.; Blackburn, J.H.; Gunn, R.J.M.; Inglebrot, M.; Matthews, A.; Symes, K.; Winder, J.M.; Clarke, R.T. (2016). Headwater stream invertebrate data 1990 [Countryside Survey]. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/b4c17f35-1b50-4ed7-87d2-b63004a96ca2


This dataset is part of the following


Study area
Temporal extent
1990-05-01    to    1990-11-23

Supplemental information

Other useful information regarding this dataset:

Furse, M.T.;Davy-Bowker, J.; Dawson, F.H.; Gunn, R.J.M. ... Clarke, R.T.; Watkins, J.W. Countryside Survey 2000 R&D Technical Report E1-038/TR1. Freshwater Studies


Data were collected in the summer of 1990 by field surveyors. Data were recorded from up to 508 1km squares sited across Britain, selected by random stratified sample. The survey was undertaken according to standardized protocols. Occurrence of species was recorded on paper and data were entered post-survey. Data are managed by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.


Furse, M.T.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Bass, J.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Blackburn, J.H.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Gunn, R.J.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Inglebrot, M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Matthews, A.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Symes, K.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Winder, J.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Clarke, R.T.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
Point Of Contact
Scarlett, P.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford
OX10 8BB
United Kingdom
Environmental Information Data Centre


Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid


Topic categories
Inland Waters
CEH Topic
Environmental survey
Water quality
Natural capital
Environmental Monitoring Facilities
Place keywords
Great Britain
Taxon keywords
Freshwater macroinvertebrates

Dataset identifiers



Information maintained by
Wood, C.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Last updated