Rowland, C.S.; Morton, R.D.; Carrasco, L.; McShane, G.; O'Neil, A.W.; Wood, C.M.

Land Cover Map 2015 (25m raster, GB)

This dataset consists of the 25m raster version of the Land Cover Map 2015 (LCM2015) for Great Britain. The 25m raster product consists of two bands: Band 1 - raster representation of the majority (dominant) class per polygon for 21 target habitat classes; Band 2 - mean per polygon probability as reported by the Random Forest classifier (see supporting information). The 21 target classes are based on the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) Broad Habitats, which encompass the entire range of UK habitats. This dataset is derived from the vector version of the Land Cover Map, which contains individual parcels of land cover and is the highest available spatial resolution. The 25m raster is the most detailed of the LCM2015 raster products both thematically and spatially, and it is used to derive the 1km products. LCM2015 is a land cover map of the UK which was produced at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology by classifying satellite images from 2014 and 2015 into 21 Broad Habitat-based classes.

LCM2015 consists of a range of raster and vector products and users should familiarise themselves with the full range (see related records, the CEH web site and the LCM2015 Dataset documentation) to select the product most suited to their needs.

LCM2015 was produced at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology by classifying satellite images from 2014 and 2015 into 21 Broad Habitat-based classes. It is one of a series of land cover maps, produced by UKCEH since 1990. They include versions in 1990, 2000, 2007, 2015, 2017, 2018 and 2019.

Publication date: 2017-04-11

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Format of the data: TIFF

You must cite: Rowland, C.S.; Morton, R.D.; Carrasco, L.; McShane, G.; O'Neil, A.W.; Wood, C.M. (2017). Land Cover Map 2015 (25m raster, GB). NERC Environmental Information Data Centre.



Study area
Temporal extent
2014-01-01    to    2015-12-01

Provenance & quality

The 25m raster product is the most detailed of the LCM2015 raster products, both thematically and spatially, and it is derived from the LCM2015 vector product. For LCM2015 per-pixel classifications were conducted, using a random forest classification algorithm. The resultant classifications were then mosaicked together, with the best classifications taking priority. This produced a per-pixel classification of the UK, which was then 'imported' into the spatial framework, recording a number of attributes, including the majority class per polygon which is the Land Cover class for each polygon.

The 25m raster product consists of two bands:
* Band 1 - raster representation of the majority (dominant) class per-polygon for the 21 target classes
* Band 2 - mean per polygon probability as reported by the Random Forest classifier


Services associated with this dataset

Land Cover Map 2015 25m raster web service

This dataset is included in the following collections

Land Cover Map 2015


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Correspondence/contact details

Dr. Clare Rowland
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg


Rowland, C.S.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Morton, R.D.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Carrasco, L.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
McShane, G.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
O'Neil, A.W.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Wood, C.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

NERC EDS Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre

Additional metadata

Topic categories
England,  Great Britain,  Land cover Mapping Scotland,  Wales
Land Cover
Spatial representation type
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid
Last updated
03 October 2022 13:17