Henrys, P.; Rowe, E.C.; Evans, C.D.; Emmett, B.A.; Smart, S.M.; Butler, A.

MultiMOVE: A Package of niche models for British vegetation

MultiMOVE is an R package that contains fitted niche models for almost 1500 plant species in Great Britain. This package allows the user to access these models, which have been fitted using multiple statistical techniques, to make predictions of species occurrence from specified environmental data. It also allows plotting of relationships between species' occurrence and individual covariates so the user can see what effect each environmental variable has on the specific species in question. The package is built under R 2.10.1 and depends on R packages 'leaps', 'earth', 'fields' and 'mgcv'.

Publication date: 2013-03-04

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Licence conditions apply

Format of the model code : R Script

You must cite: Henrys, P.; Rowe, E.C.; Evans, C.D.; Emmett, B.A.; Smart, S.M.; Butler, A. (2013). MultiMOVE: A Package of niche models for British vegetation. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/c4d0393e-ff0a-47da-84e0-09ca9182e6cb


Can only be used within the R Statistical Environment


Study area

Supplemental information

Other useful information regarding this model code:

Provenance & quality

Modelling methods used: Generalised Additive Models (GAMs) (Hastie and Tibshirani, 1990) Generalised Linear Models (GLMs) (McCullagh and Nelder, 1989) Multiple Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS) (Friedman, 1991). Data sources used in the models: National Vegetation Classification (Rodwell 1991 et seq). Data collected at 4-250 m2 using targeted homogenous stands to census full range of plant community variation across Britain. Sampled from 1950-1980. The Key Habitats surveys of Britain (Hornung 1996). Data collected at 4m2 using random sampling within a random selection of 1-km squares stratified by three landscape GIS masks for upland, calcareous grassland and lowland heathland ecosystems. Sampled in 1992. Broadleaved woodland survey of Britain (Kirby et al. 2005; Corney et al. 2006). Data collected at 200 m2 using 16 plots located at random within each of 103 representative sites in Britain. Sampled in 1971. Countryside Survey of Great Britain (Smart et al. 2003). Data collected at 4-200 m2 using randomly located plots within a random selection of 569 1-km squares across Britain stratified by ITE Land Class. Data collected in 1998/1999.

Correspondence/contact details

Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg


Henrys, P.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Rowe, E.C.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Evans, C.D.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Emmett, B.A.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Smart, S.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Butler, A.
Biomathematics & Statistics Scotland (BIOSS)

Other contacts

NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre


Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid


Topic categories
Biota , Environment
Ecology,  Great Britain,  Modelling Vegetation science
Species Distribution