Antibiotic resistance genes found in soils across the entire Scottish landscape (2007-10)

The dataset collates the relative concentration of nearly 300 antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes found in soil locations across Scotland.
Soils were obtained from the National Soils Inventory of Scotland (NSIS2), from which the total community DNA were extracted and provided to assess AMR gene content. Sampling of the NSIS2 was conducted between 2006-9 at 183 soil locations representing intersections of a 20km grid across all of Scotland.
For each sample, nearly 300 AMR genes were assessed representing major antibiotic classes, and included many resistance traits: aminoglycosides, beta-lactams, FCA (fluoroquinolone, quinolone, chloramphenicol, florfenicol and amphenicol resistance genes), MLSB (macrolide, lincosamide, streptogramin B), tetracycline, vancomycin, sulphonamide, efflux pumps and integron genes. The data represent relative gene abundance, i.e., the amount of genes per “total bacteria.”

Publication date: 2019-07-17

Get the data

This dataset will be available under the terms of the Open Government Licence

Format of the dataset : Comma-separated values (CSV)

© Natural Environment Research Council

© University of Strathclyde

© Newcastle University

© James Hutton Institute

© Chinese Academy of Sciences


Study area
Temporal extent
2006-01-01    to    2009-12-31

Provenance & quality

The dataset was developed by Charles Knapp (University of Strathclyde) 2016-2018, in close collaboration with James Hutton Institute, Institute of Urban Environment – Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Newcastle University. The data were compiled under the auspices of the NERC AMR in the Real World grant (NE/N019776/1).

For further details please see supporting documentation

Correspondence/contact details

Charles Knapp
University of Strathclyde


Knapp, C.W.
University of Strathclyde
Graham, D.W.
Newcastle University
Freitag, T.
James Hutton Institute
Hough, R.
James Hutton Institute
Avery, L.
James Hutton Institute
Zhu, Y.-G.
Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Su, J.
Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Zhou, X.Y.
Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Other contacts

Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre


Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
WGS 84


Topic categories
Antibiotic resistance genes,  Scotland,  Soil