Schönrogge, K.; Thomas, J.A.; Elmes, G.W.; Sielezniew, M.; Stankiewicz-Fiedurek, A.; Simcox,D.; Settele, J.

Mimetic host shifts in a social parasite of ants: Behavioural study

This dataset derives from cross-over experiments using ant worker rescue behaviour towards caterpillars of the socially parasitic butterfly from two host-ecotypes. The data comprise datasets collected from four 4 experiments 3 hours after testing and from 4 experiments 7 days later. They all include nest numbers, the order of retrieval ranked by the attention of nurse ants to the ant pupae, large larvae and small larvae and the adult Maculinea rebeli. The data give the rank order of test items as they were rescued in order to explain social status achieved in natural and unnatural host colonies.

This dataset is part of the study of mimetic host shifts in an endangered social parasite of ants, which is a joint study of the NERC's Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (UK), the University of Oxford (UK), University of Bialystok (Poland), Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland) and UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (Germany).

Detailed research method can be found in Thomas et al. (2012) Mimetic host shifts in an endangered social parasite of ants. Proc. R. Soc. B vol. 280 no.1751. (http://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2336)

Publication date: 2013-01-22

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Supporting documentation

Format of the dataset : Comma-separated values (CSV)

Licence terms and conditions apply

You must cite: Schönrogge, K.; Thomas, J.A.; Elmes, G.W.; Sielezniew, M.; Stankiewicz-Fiedurek, A.; Simcox,D.; Settele, J. (2013). Mimetic host shifts in a social parasite of ants: Behavioural study. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/d6a8bc3d-b6fb-47bc-a693-612e2454cf50

 

You must acknowledge this resource: Thomas et al. (2013). Mimetic host shifts in an endangered social parasite of ants. Proc. R. Soc. B vol. 280 no.1751.

Where/When

Study area
Temporal extent
2001-01-01    to    2005-12-31

Supplemental information

Other useful information regarding this dataset:

Thomas, J. A., Elmes, G. W., Sielezniew, M., Stankiewicz-Fiedurek, A., Simcox, D. J., Settele, J., & Schonrogge, K. (2012). Mimetic host shifts in an endangered social parasite of ants. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280(1751), 20122336â??20122336.

Provenance & quality

We assessed the social status achieved by each form of M. rebeli within colonies of each Myrmica species in a standard bioassay that involved perturbing laboratory ant colonies and recording the order in which the ants' own brood or the mimetic caterpillars were rescued. Groups of 5 butterfly larvae from each region were adopted into matching colonies of naïve French M. schencki and M. sabuleti. Every test colony also contained 5 brood items each of kin ant pupae, large and small larvae, making a total of 20 immature individuals and 20 workers per replicate. Cultures were established in laboratory colonies containing a small moist sponge pad beneath an inverted 6 cm diameter saucer with a notched entrance, under which the ants gathered their brood and M. rebeli. Three hours after the M. rebeli caterpillars had been introduced, we perturbed the experimental colonies by uncovering the brood chamber and relocating it over another pad nearby; we then recorded the order in which the nurse ants rescued their 15 brood items or the 5 M. rebeli and carried them into the new nest. The same experiment was repeated 7 days later, which represents a sufficient period for M. rebeli caterpillars to attain their maximum potential integration with a host society, yet remaining a similar size to when first adopted, i.e. the same size or smaller than the Myrmica pupae and large larvae. The number of replicates for each ant-butterfly combination tested varied due to a lack of some ants and butterfly deaths (especially with unnatural hosts).

Correspondence/contact details

Dr. Karsten Schönrogge
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford
Wallingford
Oxfordshire
OX10 8BB
United Kingdom
enquiries@ceh.ac.uk

Authors

Schönrogge, K.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Thomas, J.A.
University of Oxford
Elmes, G.W.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Sielezniew, M.
University of Bialystok
Stankiewicz-Fiedurek, A.
Polish Academy of Sciences
Simcox,D.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Settele, J.
UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research

Other contacts

Custodian
Environmental Information Data Centre
eidc@ceh.ac.uk
Publisher
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
eidc@ceh.ac.uk

Spatial

Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)

Tags

Topic categories
Biota
Keywords
Animal behaviour Conservation ecology,  Maculinea rebeli Phengaris rebeli