Soil properties and soil greenhouse gas emissions in biochar-amended bioenergy soils undergoing long term field incubation
Data collected during field and laboratory experiments to investigate the long-term effects of biochar application to soil on greenhouse gas emissions in a bioenergy plantation (Miscanthus X. giganteus). Analysis included monitoring of greenhouse gas emissions (carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O)), soil physical (bulk density and soil moisture ) and soil chemical analyses (total carbon (C) and nitrogen (N), extractable ammonium and nitrate). Biochar was applied to plots in a bioenergy plantation and emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O were measured over a 2 year period. In addition a laboratory incubation experiment was conducted on soil taken from the Miscanthus field amended with field-incubated biochar to assess the effect on greenhouse gas emissions. Biochar is a carbon rich substances which is being advocated as a climate mitigation tool to increase carbon sequestration and reduce nitrous oxide emissions.
Publication date: 2014-02-28
- Study area
- Temporal extent
2011-03-01 to 2012-01-31
Provenance & quality
Twenty soil cores were collected from a field site in Lincolnshire in March 2011, three weeks after planting and Nitrogen fertiliser addition. Soil cores of 150-180 millimetre (mm) depth, containing approximately 1.6 kilogram soil (dry weight) were extracted in Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes (height 215 mm depth 102 mm) and stored at 4 degrees centigrade for 30 days. A four-treatment factorial experiment was designed using soils un-amended or amended with biochar and un-wetted or wetted with deionised water (5 replicates per treatment). Soil in all the cores was mixed to 7 centimetre (cm) depth. To half of the cores, biochar (less than 2 mm) was mixed into the soil at a rate of 3 percent soil dry weight (approximately 22 tons per hectare (t ha-1)). After allowing for any potential Carbon dioxide (CO2) flush from newly-mixed soil to equilibrate for seven days, the cores were placed at 16 degrees centigrade in the dark. Un-wetted soil cores were maintained at 23 percent Gravimetric moisture content (GMC), whilst the GMC of 'wetted' soil cores was increased to 28 percent GMC at the time zero (t0) of four wetting events on day 17, 46, 67 and 116. These water addition rates were based on mean and maximum monthly soil GMC measured in the field between 2009-2010.
Other useful information regarding this dataset:
Case, S.D.C., McNamara, N.P., Reay, D.S., Whitaker, J., 2013. Can biochar reduce soil greenhouse gas emissions from a Miscanthus bioenergy crop? Global Change Biology Bioenergy.
Dr. Niall McNamara
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailriggenquiries@ceh.ac.uk
- Topic categories
- biochar, chemistry, emission, greenhouse gas, Lincolnshire, N2O, nitrous oxide, Shore Section, soil, Soil, Soil
- INSPIRE Theme
- Spatial representation type
- Tabular (text)
- Spatial reference system
- OSGB 1936 / British National Grid
- Last updated
- 25 June 2021 18:42