Rowland, C.S.; Marston, C.G.; Morton, R.D.; O’Neil, A.W.

Land Cover Map 1990 (1km percentage target class, GB) v2

This dataset consists of the 1km raster, percentage target class version of the Land Cover Map 1990 (LCM1990) for Great Britain. The 1km percentage product provides the percentage cover for each of 21 land cover classes for 1km x 1km pixels. This product contains one band per target habitat class (producing a 21 band image). The 21 target classes are based on the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) Broad Habitats, which encompass the entire range of UK habitats. This dataset is derived from the vector version of the Land Cover Map, which contains individual parcels of land cover and is the highest available spatial resolution.

LCM1990 is a land cover map of the UK which was produced at the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology by classifying satellite images (mainly from 1989 and 1990) into 21 Broad Habitat-based classes. It is the first in a series of land cover maps for the UK, which also includes maps for 2000, 2007, 2015, 2017, 2018 and 2019.

LCM1990 consists of a range of raster and vector products and users should familiarise themselves with the full range (see related records, the UKCEH web site and the LCM1990 Dataset documentation) to select the product most suited to their needs.

This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council award number NE/R016429/1 as part of the UK-SCAPE programme delivering National Capability.

Publication date: 2020-10-09


Study area
Temporal extent
1990-01-01    to    1990-12-31

Provenance & quality

The percentage target class is produced from the 25m raster (which is derived from the vector product) by:
1. Using gdal_calc to split the 21 target classes into 21 individual images for each class where the presence of the class in question is recorded as 100 and absence is assigned 0.
2. Gdal_warp is then applied to each of the 21 presence/absence images to resample to 1km, using the 'average' option under resample. This produces images of percentage cover for each class.
3. Gdal_merge is then used to create a single file with 21 bands, where each band provides the percentage cover for the class i.e. band 1 provides percentage cover for class 1 etc.

Correspondence/contact details

Rowland, C.S.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg


Rowland, C.S.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Marston, C.G.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Morton, R.D.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
O’Neil, A.W.
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

NERC EDS Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
Rights Holder
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Additional metadata

Topic categories
Imagery / Base Maps / Earth Cover , Geoscientific Information
Biodiversity Biodiversity Climate and land Ecosystem restoration Land Land cover Land Cover Map Land use Mapping Maps Net zero greenhouse gas emissions UK-SCAPE
Land Cover
Natural Environment Research Council Award: NE/R016429/1
Spatial representation type
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid
Last updated
08 October 2021 12:00