Fry, E.L. et al

Atmospheric gas and vegetation survey data from Winklebury Hill, UK, in 2014

This dataset contains greenhouse gas flux data and vegetation survey data from an experiment based at Winklebury Hill, UK. The vegetation survey comprises total species percentage cover and species richness data from four 50 cm by 50 cm quadrats. The greenhouse gas flux data comprises net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange, photosynthesis and respiration data measured with an Infra-red Gas Analyser (IRGA); methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide data measured using gas chromatography; and nitrate and ammonium from soil samples extracted with potassium chloride. The experiment used seeds and plug plants to create different plant communities on the bare chalk on Winklebury Hill and tested the resulting carbon and nutrient cycling rates and compared these to the characteristics of different plant functional groups. The experiment ran from 2013 to 2016 and this dataset contains data from 2014 only. This experiment was part of the Wessex BESS project, a six-year (2011-2017) project aimed at understanding how biodiversity underpins the ecosystem functions and services that landscapes provide.

Publication date: 2017-01-10

Get the data

This dataset is made available under the terms of the Open Government Licence

Format of the data: Comma-separated values (CSV)

You must cite: Fry, E.L.; Hall, A.L.; Savage, J.; Bardgett, R.D.; Ostle, N.; Pywell, R.F.; Bullock, J.M.; Oakley, S. (2017). Atmospheric gas and vegetation survey data from Winklebury Hill, UK, in 2014. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre.


© University of Manchester, UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lancaster University


Study area
Temporal extent
2014-06-01    to    2014-09-30

Provenance & quality

For greenhouse gas exchange flux, a time series correlation was calculated and low correlations removed (<70%). Outliers were also removed at the beginning and end of sample where appropriate. Calibrations at two levels were done for methane gas flux (at 14, and 33 ppm), carbon dioxide gas flux (at 500 and 1000 ppm) and nitrous oxide gas flux (at 200 and 370 ppm). For soil extractable nitrate and potassium chloride, the analysis used 5% analytical replicates, recalibration (at 5, 4, 3, 2 and 1 ppm) and blanks every 20 samples. Standardised protocols were followed in all cases, details of which can be found in the supporting documentation.

Correspondence/contact details

Ellen Fry
University of Manchester
Soil and Ecosystem Ecology Lab, Michael Smith Building, Oxford Road
M13 9PT


Fry, E.L.
University of Manchester
Hall, A.L.
University of Manchester
Savage, J.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Bardgett, R.D.
University of Manchester
Ostle, N.
Lancaster University
Pywell, R.F.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Bullock, J.M.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Oakley, S.
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

Other contacts

NERC EDS Environmental Information Data Centre
NERC Environmental Information Data Centre

Additional metadata

Topic categories
ammonium,  carbon dioxide,  ecosystem respiration,  methane,  net ecosystem CO2 exchange,  nitrate,  nitrous oxide,  PAR,  photosynthesis,  soil moisture,  soil temperature,  Wessex BESS
Environmental Monitoring Facilities
Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
OSGB 1936 / British National Grid
Last updated
20 May 2022 10:40