Bird abundance and distribution on Peak District farms and moorlands, 2007-2008 - RELU Sustainability of hill farming

This data set consists of the tabulated results of bird surveys on Peak District farms and moorlands. Bird abundance and distribution on Peak District farms and moorlands, 2007-2008 The study is part of the NERC Rural Economy and Land Use (RELU) programme. The project used the Peak District National Park as a case study to examine the impact of hill farming practices on upland biodiversity (using birds as an indicator group); how hill farms were responding to ongoing and future changes to policies and prices; what this would in turn imply for upland biodiversity; what the public wanted from upland ecosystems and how policies could be designed better to deliver public goods from hill farms. To answer these questions, the project team conducted ecological and economic surveys on hill farms; used survey results to parameterise ecological and economic models of this farming system; developed new ways to integrate these into coupled ecological and economic models and paid particular attention to interactions across farm boundaries; used the models to evaluate the performance of existing policies and to test designs that could lead to more effective policies; and conducted a range of choice experiments with different cross-sections of the general public to evaluate their preferences for upland landscapes. Choice experiment, socio-economic survey and model data from this study are available at the UK Data Archive under study number 6363 (see online resources). Further documentation for this study may be found through the RELU Knowledge Portal and the project's ESRC funding award web page (see online resources).

Publication date: 2008-09-18


Study area
Temporal extent
…    to    2008-12-31

Provenance & quality

Research funded by Economic and Social Research Council, Natural Environment Research Council and Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. Award Number: RES-227-25-0028 Walking transects and distance sampling were used to survey all bird species on 44 farms (where the main landholding fell within 2 km of the Moorland boundary within the Peak District National Park) and on 37 paired moorland areas nearby. Birds were counted as present if they were seen or heard within the property, irrespective of the distance from the transect. Bird surveys were carried out on two separate visits in Spring and Summer 2007.


This dataset is included in the following collections

Rural economy and land use programme (RELU)

Correspondence/contact details

Armsworth, P.
University of Tennessee
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Knoxville, Tennessee

Other contacts

Environmental Information Data Centre
Armsworth, P.
University of Tennessee
Hanley, N.
University of Stirling
Gaston, K.
University of Sheffield

Additional metadata

Topic categories
Biota , Environment , Farming
2007-2008,  Agricultural economics,  Agricultural policy,  Agriculture,  Biodiversity,  Birds,  Farmers,  Farming systems,  Farms,  Habitats,  Land management,  Landscape,  Land use,  Moorlands,  Peak district,  Rural economics,  Rural Economy and Land Use Programme,  Sustainability of Hill Farming - Ecology Data,  Uplands
Economic and Social Research Council
Spatial representation type
Tabular (text)
Spatial reference system
WGS 84
Last updated
13 March 2020 14:35